Inventory of Positive Psychological Attitudes (IPPA-32R)

PART 1 – Life Purpose and Satisfaction (LPS)
1.    Most of the day‚ my energy level is: Very low 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 Very high
2.    As a whole‚ my life seems: Dull 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 Vibrant
3.    My daily activities are: Not a source of satisfaction 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 A source of satisfaction
4.    I have come to expect that every day will be: Exactly the same 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 New and different
5.    When I think deeply about life: I feel there is no purpose to it 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 I feel there is a purpose to it
6.    I feel that my life so far has: Not been productive 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 Been productive
7.    I feel that the work* I am doing: Is of no value 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 Is of great value
8.    I wish I were different from who I am: Agree strongly 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 Disagree strongly
9.    At this time‚ I have: Not clearly defined goals for my life 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 Clearly defined goals for my life
10.When sad things happen to me or other people: I cannot feel positive about life 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 I continue to feel positive about life
11.When I think about what I have done with my life‚ I feel: Worthless 1 2 3 4 5 6 7orthwhile
12.My present life: Does not satisfy me 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 Satisfies me
13.I feel joy in my heart: Never 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 All the time
14.I feel trapped by my circumstances: Agree strongly 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 Disagree strongly
15.When I think about my past: I feel many regrets 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 I feel no regrets
16.Deep inside: I do not feel loved 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 I feel loved
17.When I think about my problems: I do not feel hopeful about solving them 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 I feel very hopeful about solving them
*The definition of work is not limited to income-producing jobs. It includes childcare‚ housework‚ studies‚ and volunteering
PART 2 – Self-Confidence During Stress (SCDS)
1.    When I am under a great deal of pressure: I get tense 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 I remain calm
2.    I react to problems and difficulties: With great frustration 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 Without frustration
3.    In a difficult situation‚ I am confident that I will receive the help I need: Strongly disagree 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 Strongly agree
4.    In stressful circumstances‚ I experience anxiety: All the time 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 Never
5.    When I have made a mistake during a stressful situation: I feel extreme dislike for myself 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 I continue to like myself
6.    When a situation becomes difficult‚ I worry that something bad is going to happen to me or those I love: All the time 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 Never
7.    In a stressful situation: I cannot concentrate 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 I can concentrate easily
8.    During stressful circumstances‚ I am fearful: All the time 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 Never
9.    When I need to stand up for myself: I cannot do it 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 I can do it easily
10.I feel less than adequate in difficult situations: Agree strongly 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 Disagree strongly
11.In times of stress‚ I feel isolated and alone: Agree strongly 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 Disagree strongly
12.In really difficult situations: I feel unable to respond in positive ways 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 I am peaceful‚ free of thoughts & worries
13.When I need to relax during stressful times: I experience no peace—only thoughts and worries 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 I am peaceful‚ free of thoughts and worries
14.In a frightening situation: I panic 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 I remain calm
15.During stressful times‚ I worry about the future: All the time 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 Never
 
Life Purpose and Satisfaction (LPS); Self-Confidence During Stress (SCDS) and together Confidence in Life and Self (CLS)
 
 

Kass‚ J. D.‚ Friedman‚ R.‚ Leserman‚ J.‚ Caudill‚ M.‚ Zuttermeister‚ P. C.‚ & Benson‚ H. (1991). An inventory of positive psychological attitudes with potential relevance to health outcomes: Validation and preliminary testing. Behavioral Medicine‚ 17(3)‚ 121–129.

Kass‚ J. (1998). The Inventory of Positive Psychological Attitudes: Measuring attitudes that buffer stress and facilitate primary prevention using constructs responsive to diverse cultural worldviews. In‚ C. Zalaquett & R. Wood (Ed.). Evaluating stress: A book of resources‚ Volume 2. Lanham‚ MD: Scarecrow Press/University Press of America

Kass‚ J.D.‚ Friedman‚ R.‚ Leserman‚ J.‚ Caudill‚ M.‚ Zuttermeister‚ P.C.‚ Benson‚ H. (1991). An inventory of positive psychological attitudes with potential relevance to health outcomes: Validation and preliminary testing. Behavioral Medicine‚ 17(3)‚ 121-129.

Kass et al.‚ 1991; Kass‚ 1998. Inventory of Positive Psychological Attitudes. In: Simmons C. A.‚ Lehmann P. (eds). Tools for strengths-based assessment and evaluation‚ New York‚ NY: Springer‚ pp. 207-210. (2013). Google Scholar