Positive and Negative Affect Scale PANAS

1.    ____interested
2.    ____distressed
3.    ____excited
4.    ____upset
5.    ____strong
6.    ____guilty
7.    ____scared
8.    ____hostile
9.    ____enthusiastic
10.____proud
11._____irritable
12._____alert
13.____ashamed
14.____inspired
15.____nervous
16.___determined
17.____attentive
18.____jittery
19.____active
20.____afraid
Positive and Negative Affect Schedule—Expanded Form (PANAS-X)
Watson & Clark‚ 1994
1. ____cheerful
2. ____disgusted
3. ____ attentive
4. ____ bashful
5. ____ sluggish
6. ____ daring
7. ____ surprised
8. ____ strong
9. ____ scornful
10. ____ relaxed
11. ____ irritable
12. ____ delighted
13. ____ inspired
14. ____ fearless
15. ____ disgusted with self
16. ____ sad
17. ____ calm
18. ____ afraid
19. ____ tired
20. ____ amazed
21. ____ shaky
22. ____ happy
23. ____ timid
24. ____ alone
25. ____ alert
26. ____ upset
27. ____ angry
28. ____ bold
29. ____ blue
30. ____ shy
31. ____ active
32. ____ guilty
33. ____ joyful
34. ____ nervous
35. ____ lonely
36. ____ sleepy
37. ____ excited
38. ____ hostile
39. ____ proud
40. ____ jittery
41. ____ lively
42. ____ ashamed
43. ____ at ease
44. ____ scared
45. ____ drowsy
46. ____ angry at self
47. ____ enthusiastic
48. ____ downhearted
49. ____ sheepish
50. ____ distressed
51. ____ blameworthy
52. ____ determined
53. ____ frightened
54. ____ astonished
55. ____ interested
56. ____ loathing
57. ____ confident
58. ____ energetic
59. ____ concentrating
60. ____ dissatisfied with self

 
Fear (alpha 0.84-0.92)‚ Sadness (alpha 0.83-0.89)‚ Guilt (alpha 0.85-0.91)‚ Hostility (alpha 0.82-0.89)‚ Shyness (alpha 0.80-0.86)‚ Fatigue (alpha 0.84-0.89)‚ Joviality (alpha 0.88-0.94)‚ Self-Assurance (alpha 0.80-0.84)‚ Attentiveness (alpha 0.70-0.79)‚ Serenity (alpha 0.73-0.83)‚ and Surprise (alpha 0.72-0.80)
 

This instrument can be found at: http://www.cnbc.pt/jpmatos/28.Watson.pdf

This instrument can be found at: http://ir.uiowa.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1011&context=psychology_pubs

نمره گذاری

1 = very slightly or not at all; 2 = a little; 3 = moderately; 4= quite a bit; 5 = extremely
 

Watson‚ D. (1988). Intraindividual and interindividual analyses of Positive and Negative Affect: Their relation to health complaints‚ perceived stress‚ and daily activities. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology‚ 54‚ 1020-1030.

Watson‚ D. (1988). The vicissitudes of mood measurement: Effects of varying descriptors‚ time frames‚ and response formats on measures of Positive and Negative Affect. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology‚ 55‚ 128-141.

Watson‚ D. (1989). Strangers’ ratings of the five robust personality factors: Evidence of a surprising convergence with self-report. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology‚ 57‚ 120-128.

Watson‚ D.‚ & Clark‚ L. A. (1984). Negative affectivity: The disposition to experience aversive emotional states. Psychological Bulletin‚ 96‚ 465-490.

Watson‚ D.‚ & Clark‚ L. A. (1989‚ August). General affective dimensions versus discrete emotional factors: A hierarchical model. In L. A. Clark & D. Watson (Chairs)‚ The emotional bases of personality. Symposium presented at the 97th Annual Convention of the Amer. Psychological Assoc.‚ New Orleans‚ LA.

Watson‚ D.‚ & Clark‚ L. A. (1991). Self- versus peer ratings of specific emotional traits: Evidence of convergent and discriminant validity. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology‚ 60‚ 927-940

Watson‚ D.‚ & Clark‚ L. A. (1992). Affects separable and inseparable: On the hierarchical arrangement of the negative affects. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology‚ 62‚ 489-505.

Watson‚ D.‚ & Clark‚ L. A. (1992). On traits and temperament: General and specific factors of emotional experience and their relation to the five-factor model. Journal of Personality‚ 60‚ 441-476.

Watson‚ D.‚ & Clark‚ L. A. (1997). Extraversion & its positive emotional core. In R. Hogan‚ J. Johnson‚ & S. Briggs (Eds.)‚ Handbook of personality psychology (pp. 767-793). San Diego‚ CA: Academic Press.

Watson‚ D.‚ Clark‚ L. A.‚ & Carey‚ G. (1988). Positive and negative affectivity and their relation to anxiety and depressive disorders. Journal of Abnormal Psychology‚ 97‚ 346-353.

Watson‚ D.‚ Clark‚ L. A.‚ McIntyre‚ C. W.‚ & Hamaker‚ S. (1992). Affect‚ personality‚ and social activity. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology‚ 63‚ 1011-1025.

Watson‚ D.‚ Clark‚ L. A.‚ & Tellegen‚ A. (1984). Cross-cultural convergence in the structure of mood: A Japanese replication and a comparison with U. S. findings. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology‚ 47‚ 127-144.

Watson‚ D.‚ Clark‚ L. A.‚ & Tellegen‚ A. (1988). Development and validation of brief measures of Positive and Negative Affect: The PANAS Scales. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology‚ 54‚ 1063-1070.

Watson‚ D.‚ & Tellegen‚ A. (1985). Toward a consensual structure of mood. Psychological Bulletin‚ 98‚ 219-235.

Watson‚ D.‚ & Walker‚ L. M. (1996). The long-term stability and predictive validity of trait measures of affect. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology‚ 70‚ 567-577.

Watson‚ D.‚ Clark‚ L. A.(1999). The PANAS-X: Manual for the Positive and Negative Affect Schedule – Expanded Form. University of Iowa‚ Department of Psychological & Brain Sciences Publications. http://ir.uiowa.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1011&context=psychology_pubs

Levine‚ Rachel Permuth.2007. Differences in Perceived Stress‚ Affect‚ Anxiety‚ and Coping Ability Among College Students in Physical Education Courses. University of Maryland‚ College Park. Dissertation.