Bolino & Turnley‚ 1999
1. Talk proudly about your experience or education.
2. Make people aware of your talents or qualifications.
3. Let others know that you are valuable to the organization.
4. Make people aware of your accomplishments.
1. Compliment your colleagues so they will see you as likable.
2. Take an interest in your colleagues’ personal lives to show them that you are friendly.
3. Praise your colleagues for their accomplishments so they will consider you a nice person.
4. Do personal favors for your colleagues to show them that you are friendly.
1. Stay at work late so people will know you are hard working.
2. Try to appear busy‚ even at times when things are slower.
3. Arrive at work early to look dedicated.
4. Come to the office at night or on weekends to show that you are dedicated.
1. Be intimidating with coworkers when it will help you get your job done.
2. Let others know you can make things difficult for them if they push you too far.
3. Deal forcefully with colleagues when they hamper your ability to get your job done.
4. Deal strongly or aggressively with coworkers who interfere in your business.
5. Use intimidation to get colleagues to behave appropriately.
1. Act like you know less than you do so people will help you out.
2. Try to gain assistance or sympathy from people by appearing needy in some areas.
3. Pretend not to understand something to gain someone’s help.
4. Act like you need assistance so people will help you out.
5. Pretend to know less than you do so you can avoid an unpleasant assignment.
self-promotion (α=0.88 to 0.92); ingratiation (α=0.8= to 0.91); exemplification (α=0.76 to 0.81); intimidation (α=0.84 to 0.89); and supplication (α=0.93).
1=never behave this way‚ 2=very rarely behave this way‚ 3=occasionally behave this way‚ 4=sometimes behave this way‚ 5=often behave this way
Bolino‚ M. C.‚ & Turnley‚ W. H. (1999). Measuring impression management in organizations: A scale of development based on the Jones and Pittman taxonomy. Organizational Research Methods‚ 2: 187-206.
Bolino‚ M. C.‚ & Turnley‚ W. H. (2003). More than one way to make an impression: Exploring profiles of impression management. Journal of Management‚ 29‚ 141-160.
Kacmar‚ K.M.‚ Harris‚ K.J.‚ & Nagy‚ B.G. (2007). Further validation of the Bolino and Turnley impression management scale. Journal of Behavioral and Applied Management‚ 9: 16-32.
Golparvar‚ Mohsen.‚ Ghorayshi‚ Reyhanehalsadat. (2015). Prediction of Organizational Citizenship Behaviors and Deviant Behaviors Through Impression Management Components. Quarterly journal of social work‚ 4 (1); 03-15
Leary‚ Mark R.‚ Jongman-Sereno‚ Katrina P.‚ and Diebels‚ Kate J. (2015). Measures of Concerns with Public Image and Social Evaluation. in Gregory Boyle‚ Donald H. Saklofske and Gerald Matthews.‚ Measures of Personality and Social Psychological Constructs. Elsevier‚ Pages 448–473