Goal Congruence scale


This measure, (Goal Congruence) developed by Vancouver and Schmitt (1991), uses 14 items to assess the degree of congruence between the goals of an individual em­ ployee and the goals of his or her supervisor or peers. The instrument was originally developed and used in an educational environment. After obtain­ ing ratings of goals from an employee and a supervisor, the two profiles are compared by calculation of a measure of congruence called “D” (the Euclid­ ean distance), which is the square root of the sum of the squared differences between the ratings of an employee and the supervisor. The larger the D measure, the lower the congruence level. To obtain congruence between an employee and his or her peers, the D scores are calculated for an employee and each member of a group of peers. The congruence measure for each employee is the average of the D scores across all peers in the group.


Reliability was indirectly assessed by the intraclass correlations of the goal congruence measures within schools. These averaged .24 (Vancouver & Schmitt, 1991).


Supervisor-subordinate goal congruence and employee-peer goal congru­ence were both positively correlated with subordinate job satisfaction and organizational commitment, and negatively correlated with intention to quit (Vancouver & Schmitt, 1991).


Vancouver, J.B., & Schmitt, N. W. (1991). An exploratory examination of person-organization fit: Organizational goal congruence. Personnel Psy­ chology, 44, 333-352. Items were taken from Table 1, p. 343. Copyright© 1991. Reproduced with permission.


Response are obtained on a 7-point Likert-type scale where O = of no impor­tance and 6 = of primary importance. Respondents are asked to rate the importance of the following goals:

  1. Increase students’ basic skills
  2. Increase breadth of courses
  3. Enhance athletic programs
  4. Enhance co-curricular activities
  5. Upgrade staff development
  6. Increase cost-effectiveness
  7. Upgrade physical resources
  8. Achieve full racial integration
  9. Maximize instructional time through systemic changes
  10. Upgrade special education programs
  11. Upgrade discipline practices
  12. Increase parent/community involvement
  13. Upgrade academic programs
  14. Upgrade vocational educational programs

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Mohammed Looti, PSYCHOLOGICAL SCALES (2023) Goal Congruence scale. Retrieved from https://scales.arabpsychology.com/s/goal-congruence-scale/. DOI: 10.13140/RG.2.2.31575.96163