Family Pressure Scale-Ethnic (FPRES-E)

1.    Increase of husband/father's time away from family
2.    A child member was treated badly because of racial prejudice
3.    A member did not get a Job because of racial prejudice
4.    Close relative or friend of the family became seriously ill
5.    A member became physically disabled or chronically ill
6.    Increased difficulty in managing a chronically ill or disabled member
7.    7 Member or close relative was committed to an institution or nursing home
8.    Increased difficulty in resolving issues with a "former" or separated spouse
9.    Increased responsibility to provide direct care or financial help to husband's and/or wife's parent(s)
10.A parent/spouse died
11.A child member died
12.Death of husband's or wife's parent or close relative
13.Increased difficulty with sexual relationship between husband and wife
14.Married son or daughter was separated or divorced
15.A member went to jail or Juvenile detention
16.A member was picked up by police or arrested
17.Physical or sexual abuse or violence In the home
18.Delay in receiving child support or alimony payments
19.A member ran away from home
20.A member dr‎opped out of school or was suspended from school
21.We worry that our ethnicity/roots are dying
22.A member appears to have emotional problems
23.We worry that we are losing our ethnic values
24.A member appears to depend on alcohol or drugs
25.We worry that the land we were promised will never come to us
26.Increase in conflict between husband and wife
27.Worry that our children aren't Interested In the family ethnicity/roots
28.Increase In arguments between parent(s) and child(ren)
29.We worry that use of our native language will fade away
30.Increase in conflict among children In the family
31.We worry that tension/conflict in the home hurts children’s learning
32.Increase disagreement about a member's friends or activities
33.We worry that parents are not able to spend time with children to encourage learning
34.Increase in the number of problems or issues which don’t get resolved
35.We worry that children want to quit school early
36.Increase in the number of task or chores which don't get done
37.We worry about children Joining neighborhood/city gangs
38.Spouse had unwanted or difficult pregnancy
39.Worry that children will join groups abusing alcohol/drugs
40.An unmarried member became pregnant
41.We worry that jobs Will not be available for children In the future
42.A member had an abortion
43.We worry that they will not have enough money for the children’s education
44.A member gave birth to or adopted a child
45.We worry that at the family Will not be able to take care of the elders in future
46.We worry that the elders will become a burden upon the children in the future
47.Went on welfare
48.Increased conflict with in-laws or relatives
49.Took out a loan or refinanced a loan to cover increased expenses
50.Increased strain on family "money" for medical/dental expenses
51.Purchased or built a home
52.A member purchased a car or other major item
53.A member changed to a new job/career
54.Increasing financial debts due to overuse of credit cards
55.Increased strain on family "money" for food‚ clothing‚ energy‚ home care
56.A member lost or quit a job
57.Increased strain on family "money" for child(ren)'s education
58.Decrease in satisfaction with Job/career
59.A member started or returned to work
60.A member had Increased difficulty With people at work
61.Family moved to a new home/apartment
62.A member stopped working for extended period (e.g.‚ laid off‚ leave of absence‚ strike)
63.Experienced difficulty in arranging for satisfactory child care
64.We worry that they cannot pay for health Insurance in the future
1 = Not a problem‚ 2= Small problem‚ 3= Medium problem‚ 4= Large problem
This instrument can be found at: & Fischer‚ Joel.‚ Corcoran‚ Kevin J. (2007 ). Measures for Clinical Practice and research: A sourcebook. (4th ed.). NY. Oxford University Pr. Vol. 1‚ Page (s): 311-313.

McCubbin‚ H.I.‚ Thompson. A.I.‚ & Elver‚ K.M. (1993). Family Pressures Scale-Ethnic (FPRES-E). In H.I. McCubbin. A.I. Thompson. & M.A. McCubbin (1996). Family assessment: Resiliency‚ coping and adaptation - Inventories for research and practice‚ (pp. 357-389). Madison: University of Wisconsin System.

Hamilton McCubbin‚ Anne Thompson‚ and Kelly Elvêr. (1993). Family Pressure Scale-Ethnic (FPRES).  In Fischer‚ Joel.‚ Corcoran‚ Kevin J. (2007 ). Measures for Clinical Practice and research: A sourcebook. (4th ed.). NY. Oxford University Pr. Vol. 1‚ Page (s): 311-313.