1. Are there gangs in your neighborhood?
2. Are gang members troublemakers?
3. Do you have friends who are gang members?
4. Are there gang members in this school?
5. Would you like to be a gang member?
6. Are you a gang member?
This instrument can be found on page 233 of Measuring Violence-Related Attitudes‚ Behaviors‚ and Influences Among Youths: A Compendium of Assessment Tools‚ available online at: http://www.cdc.gov/violenceprevention/pdf/YV_Compendium.pdf
Point values are assigned as follows:
Yes = 1
No = 0
Item 2 should be reverse coded‚ then the scale can be scored by adding all point values and dividing by the total number of responses. Blank items are not counted in the number of responses. Higher mean scores indicate higher levels of exposure to and favorability of gangs and gang membership. Lower mean scores indicate lower levels of exposure to or favorability of gangs and gang membership.
Houston Community Demonstration Project.Houston‚ TX: City of Houston Health and Human Services Department‚ 1993.