Children`s Exposure to Community Violence

Richters & Martinez‚ 1990
1. I have heard guns being shot.
2. I have seen somebody arrested.
3. I have seen drug deals.
4. I have seen someone being beaten up.
5. My house has been broken into.
6. I have seen somebody get stabbed.
7. I have seen somebody get shot.
8. I have seen a gun in my home.
9. I have seen alcohol such as beer‚ wine‚ or hard liquor in my home.
10. I have seen gangs in my neighborhood.
11. I have seen somebody pull a gun on another person.
12. I have seen someone in my home get shot or stabbed.
  • Violence
This instrument can be found on pages 321-332 of Measuring Violence-Related Attitudes‚ Behaviors‚ and Influences Among Youths: A Compendium of Assessment Tools‚ available online at:
Point values are assigned as follows:
Never = 1
Once or twice = 2
Afew times = 3
Many times = 4
Point values are summed and then divided by the total number of items. Intended range is 1-4‚ with a higher score indicating more frequent exposure to acts of crime and violence.

Richters JE‚ Martinez P. Things I Have Seen and Heard: a structured interview for assessing youth children’s violence exposure. Rockville‚ MD: National Institute of Mental Health‚ 1990.