Table of Contents
The Direct Observation Instrument (BRAT-DO) is part of a set of assessment instruments, The Bedimo Rung Assessment Tools, designed to measure the physical, social, and policy environments of parks. This particular tool is a direct observation measure intended to visually identify and evaluate the following aspects of parks: 1) Features, 2) Condition, 3) Access, 4) Esthetics, and 5) Safety.
Author of Tool:
Bedimo-Rung, A. L., Gustat, J., Tompkins, B. J., Rice, J., & Thomson, J.
Bedimo-Rung, A. L., Gustat, J., Tompkins, B. J., Rice, J., & Thomson, J. (2006). Development of a direct observation instrument to measure environmental characteristics of parks for physical activity. Journal of Physical Activity and Health, 3, S176-S189.
Primary use / Purpose:
|Access||Target Area||Can the entire TA be locked?|
|Access||Street||What is the traffic volume of the street?|
|Access||Court||Are there sources of light that would allow the courts to be used at night?|
|Access||Sports Field||Are there signs specifying that reservations are required to use the sports field?|
|Condition||Target Area||Rate the condition of the landscaping in the Target Area.|
|Condition||Target Area||How much litter is present in the Target Area?|
|Condition||Court||How much of the court structures appear broken or missing on the courts?|
|Condition||Green Space||Rate the condition of the surface of the green space.|
|Condition||Path||Rate the overall condition of the surface of the path or path segment.|
|Condition||Playground||How much deterioration or corrosion is evident on the play equipment?|
|Condition||Sports Field||Rate the condition of the field.|
|Esthetics||Target Area||Rate the appeal of the view from within the Target Area.|
|Esthetics||Green Space||What portion of the Green Space could potentially be in the shade?|
|Features||Target Area||Are there any picnic Tables in the Target Area?|
|Features||Court||Is the court outdoor or indoor?|
|Features||Green Space||Describe the surface area of the Green Space/Open Area.|
|Features||Path||What is the surface of the path or path segment made of?|
|Features||Playground||What type of play- ground equipment is present: Climbing Apparatus|
|Features||Sports Field||What structures are present on the sports field: Scoreboard|
|Safety||Target Area||How many of the restrooms are gender- labeled?|
|Safety||Playground||If playground surfacing is a loose mate- rial, how deep is it?|
Note. *Assessed on a 5-point scale, then dichotomized for this analysis.