Cultural Attitudes and Climate Questionnaire (CACQ)

Cultural Attitudes and Climate Questionnaire (CACQ)
Helm‚ Sedlacek‚ & Prieto‚ 1998
 
Helm‚ Sedlacek‚ & Prieto‚ 1998
RACIAL AND ETHNIC CLIMATE
1. Please indicate to what degree you agree with the following statements: (1= Strongly Disagree‚ 2= Disagree‚ 3= Neutral‚ 4= Agree‚ 5= Strongly Agree)
a.    My experiences since coming to school here have led me to become more understanding of racial/ethnic differences.
b.    Getting to know people with racial/ethnic backgrounds different from my own has been easy on this campus.
c.    My social interactions on this campus are largely confined to students of my race/ethnicity.
d.    I feel there are expectations about my academic performance because of my race/ethnicity.
e.    I feel pressured to participate in ethnic activities at this school.
f.     I feel I need to minimize various ch‎aracteristics of my racial/ethnic culture (e.g. language‚ dress) to be able to fit in here.
g.    My experiences since coming to this school have strengthened my own sense of ethnic identity.
2. Think about the faculty whose courses you have taken here. How many of them would you describe as: (1= None‚ 2= Few‚ 3= Some‚ 4= Most‚ 5= All)
a.    Approachable outside of the classroom?
b.    Fair to all students regardless of their racial or ethnic backgrounds?
3. Think about your experiences in the classroom. Please indicate to what degree you agree with the following statements: (1= Strongly Disagree‚ 2= Disagree‚ 3= Neutral‚ 4= Agree‚ 5= Strongly Agree)
a.    In my experience‚ students of different racial/ethnic backgrounds participate equally in classroom discussion and learning.
b.    I feel I am expected to represent my race or ethnic group in discussions in class.
c.    Faculty use examples relevant to people of my race/ethnic group in their lectures.
d.    In my classes I feel that my professors ignore my comments or questions.
4. Please indicate how comfortable you feel in the following situations at this school: (1= Very Uncomfortable‚ 2= Uncomfortable‚ 3= Neutral‚ 4=Comfortable‚ 5=Very Comfortable)
a.    Going to see a faculty member of my own race/ethnicity.
b.    Speaking with others about my racial/ethnic background.
c.    Being in situations where I am the only person of my racial/ethnic group.
d.    Saying what I think about racial/ethnic issues.
e.    Being with people whose racial/ethnic backgrounds are different from my own.
f.     Participating in class.
g.    Going to see a faculty member of a different race/ethnicity than my own.
h.    Being with people whose racial/ethnic backgrounds are the same as my own.
B. HOW WELL IS THIS SCHOOL DOING ON DIVERSITY?
1. The effort made by your school to improve relations and understanding between people of different racial/ethnic background is: (Too little -‎- About right -‎- Too much -‎- Don't know -‎- )
2. Please indicate to what degree you agree with the following statements: (1= Strongly Disagree‚ 2= Disagree‚ 3= Neutral‚ 4= Agree‚ 5= Strongly Agree)
a.    The campus has done a good job providing programs and activities that promote multicultural understanding.
b.    At this school students are resentful of others whose race/ethnicity is different from their own.
c.    There should have a requirement for graduation that students take at least one course on the role of ethnicity and race in society.
d.    This school does not promote respect for diversity.
e.    The student newspaper’s coverage of racial/ethnic events and issues is balanced.
f.     Diversity is was one of the reasons why I chose to come here.
3. Which racial/ethnic groups should the school make special efforts to recruit as students and as faculty? (please check all that apply)
a.    Hispanic Americans
b.    Native Americans
c.    Asian Americans
d.    African Americans
e.    None -‎- no special efforts should be taken to recruit any particular racial/ethnic group members
C. GENERAL EXPERIENCE ON CAMPUS
1. Please indicate to what degree you agree with the following statements: (1= Strongly Disagree‚ 2= Disagree‚ 3= Neutral‚ 4= Agree‚ 5= Strongly Agree)
a.    The school provides an environment for the free and open expression of ideas opinions and beliefs.
b.    Overall my educational experience here has been a rewarding one.
c.    The atmosphere in my classes does not make me feel like I belong.
d.    I would recommend this school to siblings or friends as a good place to go to college.
e.    The overall quality of academic programs here is excellent.
f.     I feel as though I belong in the campus community
D. YOUR EXPERIENCES ON CAMPUS
1. Please use the scale below to indicate the extent to which you believe each of the following is present at your school (1=Little or None‚ 2= Some‚ 3= 0Quite A Bit‚ 4= A Great Deal)
a.    racial conflict on campus
b.    respect by faculty for students of different racial and ethnic groups
c.    respect by students for other students of different racial and ethnic groups
d.    racial/ethnic separation on campus
e.    school commitment to the success of students of different racial and ethnic groups
f.     friendship between students of different racial and ethnic groups
g.    interracial tensions in the residence halls
h.    interracial tensions in the classroom  
2. How fairly do you believe you have been treated by the following: (1= Very Unfairly‚ 2= Unfairly‚ 3= Neutral‚ 4= Fairly‚ 5= Very Fairly)
a.    university police
b.    residence hall personnel
c.    faculty
d.    teaching assistants
e.    students
 3. In each of these settings to what extent have you been exposed to information about the history culture and/or social issues of racial and ethnic groups other than whites? (1= Not At All‚ 2= A Little‚ 3= Some‚ 4= Quite A Bit‚ 5= A Great Deal)
a.    in course readings lectures and discussions
b.    in activities and programs in the residence halls
c.    in other school programs or activities
d.    in informal interactions and conversations with friends
4. how many for-credit courses have you taken from faculty members of the following racial/ethnic groups on this campus?
a.    Hispanic Americans
b.    Native Americans
c.    Asian Americans
d.    African Americans
e.    Not sure of race/ethnicity of faculty member
5. How many courses have you taken here that have focused primarily on the culture history or social concerns of:
a.    racial and ethnic groups (other than whites) in the U.S.? Number of Courses:
b.    non-Western racial and ethnic groups outside the U.S.? Number of Courses:
6. How often do you have difficulty getting help or support from: (1= Never‚ 2= Seldom‚ 3= Sometimes‚ 4= Often)
a.    faculty
b.    students
c.    teaching assistants
7. How often have you been exposed to a racist atmosphere cr‎eated by the faculty? (1= Never‚ 2= Seldom‚ 3= Sometimes‚ 4= Often)
a.    in the classroom
b.    outside the classroom  
8. How often have you been exposed to a racist atmosphere cr‎eated by other students? (1= Never‚ 2= Seldom‚ 3= Sometimes‚ 4= Often)
a.    in the classroom
b.    outside the classroom  
9. Please indicate whether your experience at here has changed your behavior in any of the following ways: YES OR NO
a.    I now recognize culturally-biased behavior I had not previously identified.
b.    I now discuss topics related to cultural awareness with friends.
c.    I now stop myself from using language that may be offensive to others.
d.    I now handle negative language used by another in such a way as to try to educate the other person.
e.    I now initiate contact with people who are not of my culture or ethnic background. 74
E. DIVERSITY PROGRAMS 
1. Have you attended or participated in any diversity programs on campus this year? (Yes‚ No‚ Don't Know)
2. To what degree do you agree that attending programs on diversity contributes to the goal of building community? : (1= Strongly Disagree‚ 2= Disagree‚ 3= Neutral‚ 4= Agree‚ 5= Strongly Agree)
F. YOUR INTENTIONS FOR THE FUTURE
 1. Do you plan to return to school here next semester? (Yes‚ No‚ Don't Know)
2. If you do not return to school here do you think you will transfer to another college or university? (Yes‚ No‚ Don't Know)
3. Please indicate your current major
4. Please indicate your cumulative GPA: (3.5 - 4.0; 3.0 - 3.4; 2.5 - 2.99; 2.0 - 3.49; below 2.0)
5. Please indicate your current place of residence:
·         Residence hall?
·         Fraternity or Sorority house?
·         Off-campus rental housing/apartment?
·         Home of parents or relatives?
·         Own home?
·         Other (please specify)?
Cultural Attitudes and Climate Questionnaire (CACQ)-Modified (alpha 0.63)
From: Asale Hubbard‚ 2011
1.    There is racial conflict on campus.
2.    There is racial/ethnic separation on campus.
3.    There are interracial tensions in the classroom.
4.    I have been exposed to a racist atmosphere in the classroom.
5.    I have been exposed to a racist atmosphere outside the classroom.
6.    Students are resentful of others whose race/ethnicity is different from their own.
7.    I am comfortable going to see a faculty member of my own race/ethnicity.
8.    I am comfortable speaking with others about my racial/ethnic background.
9.    I am comfortable being in situations where I am the only person of my racial/ethnic group.
10.I am comfortable saying what I think about racial/ethnic issues.
11.I am comfortable being with people whose racial/ethnic backgrounds are different from my own.
12.I am comfortable being with people whose racial/ethnic backgrounds are the same as my own.
13.I feel there are expectations about my academic performance because of my race/ethnicity.
14.I feel pressured to participate in ethnic activities at the university.
15.I feel I need to minimize various ch‎aracteristics or my racial/ethnic-culture (e.g.‚ language & dress) to be able to fit in at the university
16.I feel I am expected to represent my race or ethnic group in discussions in class.
17.I have often been exposed to a racist atmosphere cr‎eated by faculty in the classroom.
18.I have often been exposed to a racist atmosphere cr‎eated by faculty outside the classroom.
19.Faculty respect students of different racial and ethnic groups.
20.Students respect other students of different racial and ethnic groups.
21.There is great deal of friendships between students of different racial and ethnic groups.
22.This university provides an environment for the free and open expression of ideas‚ opinions‚ and beliefs.
23.Overall‚ my educational experience at this university has been a rewarding one.
24.I would recommend this university to siblings or friends as a good place to go to college.
25.The overall quality of academic programs at this university is excellent.
26.I feel as though I belong in the university community
 
Adapted Cultural Attitudes and Climate Questionnaire (ACACQ) for Graduate Students (alpha .61)
From: Derrin Y.K. Fukuda‚ 2009
Racial Tension (alpha .85)
1.    There is racial conflict on campus.
2.    There is racial/ethnic separation on campus.
3.    There are interracial tensions in the classroom.
4.    I have been exposed to a racist atmosphere in the classroom.
5.    I have been exposed to a racist atmosphere outside the classroom.
6.    Students are resentful of others whose race/ethnicity is different from their own.
1.    Cross-Cultural Comfort
7.    I am comfortable going to see a faculty member of my own race/ethnicity.
8.    I am comfortable speaking with others about my racial/ethnic background.
9.    I am comfortable being in situations where I am the only person of my racial/ethnic group.
10.I am comfortable saying what I think about racial/ethnic issues.
11.I am comfortable being with people whose racial/ethnic backgrounds are different from my own.
12.I am comfortable being with people whose racial/ethnic backgrounds are the same as my own.
Diversity Awareness (alpha .58)
13.I now recognize culturally-based behavior I had not previously identified.
14.I now discuss topics related cultural awareness with friends.
15.I now stop myself from using language that may be offensive to others.
16.I now handle negative language used by another in such a way as to try to educate the other person.
17.I now initiate contact with people who are not of my culture or ethnic background.
18.My experiences since coming to this program have led me to become more understanding of racial/ethnic differences.
Racial Pressures (alpha .59)
19.I feel there are expectations about my academic performance because of my race/ethnicity.
20.I feel pressured to participate in ethnic activities at this institution.
21.I feel I need to minimize various ch‎aracteristics of my racial/ethnic culture (e.g.‚ language‚ dress) to be able to fit in at this institution.
22.I feel I am expected to represent my race or ethnic group in discussions in class.
Fair Treatment (alpha .92)
23.Faculty treats me fairly.
24.Teaching assistants treat me fairly.
25.Students treat me fairly.
2.    Faculty Racism
26.I have often been exposed to a racist atmosphere cr‎eated by faculty in the classroom.
27.I have often been exposed to racist atmosphere cr‎eated by faculty outside of the classroom.
Respect for Other Cultures (alpha .8)
28.Faculty respect students of different racial and ethnic groups.
29.Students respect other students of different racial and ethnic groups.
30.There is a great deal of friendships between students of different racial and ethnic groups.
3.    Lack of Support
31.I often have difficulty getting help or support from faculty.
32.I often have difficulty getting help or support from students.
33.I often have difficulty getting help or support from teaching assistants.
4.    Comfort With Own Culture
34.I am comfortable speaking with others about my racial/ethnic background.
35.I am comfortable being in a situation where I am the only person of my racial/ethnic group.
Overall Satisfaction (alpha .87)
36.This program provides an environment for the free and open expression of ideas‚ opinions‚ and beliefs.
37.Overall‚ my educational experience at this program has been a rewarding one.
38.I would recommend this program to siblings or friends as a good place to earn a doctorate in psychology.
39.The overall quality of academic programs at this program is excellent.
40.I feel as though I belong in this program’s community.
 
There are 11 factors: Racial Tension (alpha =.73)‚ Cross-Cultural Comfort (alpha =.73)‚ Diversity Awareness (alpha =.67)‚ Racial Pressures (alpha = .60)‚ Residence Hall Tension (alpha =.69)‚ Fair Treatment (alpha = .74)‚ Faculty Racism (alpha =.77)‚ Respect for Other Cultures (alpha =.62)‚ Lack of Support (alpha =.63)‚ Comfort with Own Culture (alpha =.55)‚ Overall Satisfaction (alpha =.78(; Ancis‚ Sedlacek‚ & Mohr‚2000
 
For 26 and 40 items version:
1=Strongly Disagree‚ 2= Disagree‚ 3= Neutral‚ 4= Agree‚ 5=Strongly Agree
 

Helms‚ J. E. (1984).Toward a theoretical explanation of the effect of race on counseling: A Black and White model. The Counseling Psychologist‚ 12(4)‚ 153-165.

Helms‚ J. E. (Ed.). (1990). Black and White Racial Identity: Theory‚ research and practice. Westport‚ CT: Greenwood Press.

Helms‚ J .E. (1995). An up‎date of Helm’s White and people of color racial identity models. In J. G. Ponterotto‚ J. M. Casas‚ L. A. Suzuki‚ & C. M. Alexander (Eds.)‚ Handbook of Multicultural Counseling (pp.181-198). Thousand Oaks‚ CA: Sage.

Helm‚ E. G.‚ Sedlacek‚ W. E. & Prieto‚ D. O. (1998). The Relationship between attitudes toward diversity and overall satisfaction of university students by race. Journal of College Counseling‚ 1(2)‚ 111-120.

Ancis‚ J. R.‚ Sedlacek‚ W. E.‚ & Mohr‚ J. J. (2000). Student perceptions of the campus cultural climate by race. Journal           of Counseling and Development‚ 78 (2)‚ 180-185.

Sedlacek‚ W. E. (2004). Beyond the big test: Noncognitive assessment in higher education. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.

Fukuda‚ Derrin Y.K. (2009). “Where's the Rest of Me?” Addressing Ethnic Diversity and Cultural Climate in a Graduate Psychology Program (ma‎ster's thesis‚ Pacific University). Retrieved from: http://commons.pacificu.edu/spp/107

Hubbard‚ Asale‚ "Racial socialization and resilience among african american college students: The role of racial identity" (2011). Graduate Theses and Dissertations. 10152. http://lib.dr.iastate.edu/etd/10152