Conceptualization of Pupil Control Ideology (PCI)

1. It is desirable to require pupils to sit in assigned seats during assemblies.
2. Pupils
 solving their problems through logical reasoning.
3. Directing sarcastic remarks toward a defiant pupil is a good disciplinary technique.
4. Beginning teachers are not likely to maintain strict enough control over their pupils.
5. Teachers should consider revision of their teaching methods if these are criticized by their pupils.
6. The best principals give unquestioning support to teachers in disciplining pupils.
7. Pupils should not be permitted to contradict the statements of a teacher in class.
8. It is justifiable to have pupils learn many facts about a subject even if they have no immediate application.
9. Too much pupil time is spent on guidance and activities and too little on academic preparation.
10. Being friendly with pupils often leads them to become too familiar.
11. It is more important for pupils to learn to obey rules than that they make their own decisions.
12. Student governments are a good “safety valve” but should not have much influence on school policy.

13. Pupils can be trusted to work together without supervision.
14. If a pupil uses obscene or profane language in school‚ it must be considered a moral offense.
15. If pupils are allowed to use the lavatory without getting permission‚ this privilege will be abused.
16. A few pupils are just young hoodlums and should be treated accordingly.
17. It is often necessary to remind pupils that their status in school differs from that of teachers.
18. A pupil who destroys school material or property should be severely punished.
19. Pupils cannot perceive the difference between democracy and anarchy in the classroom.
20. Pupils often misbehave in order to make the teacher look bad
1= Strongly
Disagree‚ 2= Disagree‚ 3= Undecided‚ 4= Agree‚ 5= Strongly
Reverse score items 5‚ and 13
This instrument can be found at: 

Hoy‚ W. K. (2001). The pupil control studies: A historical‚ theoretical‚ and empirical analysis. Journal of Educational Administration‚ 39‚ 424-44.

Packard‚ J. S. (1988). The pupil control studies. In N. J. Boyan (Ed.)‚ Handbook of research on educational administration (pp. 185-207). New York: Longman.

Willower‚ D. J.‚ Eidell‚ T. L.‚ & Hoy‚ W. K. (1967). The school and pupil control. University Park‚ PA: The Pennsylvania State University. Goddard‚ R.D. (2002). A theoretical and empirical analysis of the measurement of collective efficacy: The development of a short form. Educational and Psychological Measurement‚ 93‚ 467-476.