Changes in Moral Values

Changes in Moral Values
Rettig and Pasamanick 1959
1.    Killing a person in defense of one’s own life:
2.    Kidnapping and holding a child for ransom:
3.    ha‎ving sex relations while unmarried:
4.    Forging a check:
5.    Habitually failing to keep promises:
6.    Girls smoking cigarettes:
7.    An industry maintaining working conditions for its workers known to be detrimental to their health:
8.    A doctor allowing a badly deformed baby to die when he could save its life but not cure its deformity:
9.    A legislator‚ for a financial consideration‚ using his influence to secure the passage of a law known to be contrary to public interest:
10.Testifying falsely in court when under oath:
11.Betting on horse races:
12.A nation dealing unjustly with a weaker nation over which it has power:
13.A jury freeing a father who has killed a man for rape against his young daughter:
14.Living beyond one’s means in order to possess luxuries enjoyed by friends and associates:
15.Bootlegging under prohibition law:
16.ha‎ving illicit sex relation s after marriage:
17.Driving an automobile while drunk but without accident:
18.A prosperous industry paying workers less than a living wage:
19.Holding up and robbing a person:
20.Not giving to ch‎arity when able:
21.Not taking the trouble to vote at primaries and elections:
22.A strong commercial concern selling below cost to crowd out a weaker competitor:
23.Falsifying about a child’s age to secure reduced fare:
24.A student who is allowed to grade his own paper reporting a higher grade than the one earned:
25.Not giving to support religion when able:
26.Keeping over-change given by a clerk in mistake:
27.Copying from another’s paper in a school examination:
28.Speeding away after one’s car knocks down a pedestrian:‎arging interest above a fair rate when lending money:
30.Falsifying a federal income tax return:
31.Buying bootleg liquor under prohibition law:
32.Married persons using birth-control devices:
33.Seeking divorce because of in compatibility when both parties agree to separate (assuming no children):
34.Depositing more than one ballot in an election in order to aid a favorite candidate:
35.Living on inherited wealth without attempting to render service to others:
36.Taking one’s own life (assuming no near relatives or dependents):
37.Using profane or blasphemous speech:
38.Being habitually cross or disagreeable to members of one’s own family:
39.Seeking amusement on Sunday instead of going to church:
40.Refusing to bear arms i n a war one believes to be unjust:
41.Advertising a medicine to cure a disease known to be incurable by such a remedy:
42.Misrepresenting the value of an investment in order to induce credulous persons to invest:
43.Taking money for one’s vote i n an election:
44.Newspapers treating crime news so as to make hoodlums and gangsters appear heroic:
45.A man ha‎ving a vacant building he cannot rent sets it on fire to collect insurance:
46.Nations at war using poison gas on the homes and cities of its enemy behind the lines:
47.Slipping out secretly and going among people when one’s home is under quarantine for a contagious disease:
48.A man deserting a girl whom he has got in to trouble without himself taking responsibility :
49.Disbelieving in God:
50.A man not marrying a girl he loves because she is markedly his inferior socially and in education:
“Rightness” or “Wrongness” ranging from 1 to 10

Rettig‚ S. and Pasamanick‚ B. (1959). Changes in moral values among college students: a factorial study. American Sociological Review‚ 24(6)‚ 856-863.

Rettig‚ S. and Pasamanick‚ B. (1959). Changes in moral values over three decades 1929-1958. Social Problems‚ 6(4)‚ 320-328.

Rettig‚ S. and Pasamanick‚ B. (1959). Changes in Moral Values as a Function of Adult Socialization. Social Problems‚ 7(2)‚ 117–125.

Rettig‚ S. and Pasamanick‚ B. (1960). Differences in the structure of moral values of students and alumni. American Sociological Review‚ 25‚ 550-555.

Rettig‚ S. and Pasamanicki B. (1961).  Moral value structure and social class. Sociometry‚ 24‚ 21-35.

Rettig‚ S. and Pasamanick‚ B. (1962). Invariance in factor structure of moral value judgments from American and Korean college students. Sociometry‚ 25‚ 73-84.

Rettig‚ S. (1966). Relation of social systems to intergenerational changes in moral attitudes. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology‚ 4‚ 409-414.

Robinson‚ John P.‚ Shaver‚ Phillip R. (1969). Measures of Political Attitudes. Institute for Social Research‚ University of Michigan/. Ann Arbor‚ Michigan.

Gorsuch‚ R. L.‚ & Smith‚ R. A. (1972). Changes in students’ evaluations of moral behavior: 1969 vs. 1939‚ 1949‚ and 1958. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology‚ 24(3)‚ 381-391.