Aggression-Problem Behavior Frequency Scale

Background of the  Aggression-Problem Behavior Frequency Scale:

The Aggression-Problem Behavior Frequency Scale (A-PBFS) is an 18-item measure of the frequency of aggressive behaviours on three dimensions: physical, non-physical, and relational. Respondents are required to indicate on a 6-point scale (1=never, 6=20 or more times) how frequently they engaged in a range of aggressive behaviours in the last 30 days, for example, ‘shoved or push another kid’ (physical), ‘picked on someone’ (nonphysical), and ‘spread a false rumour about someone’ (relational). The reliabilities of the subscales have generally ranged between .70 and .87 in studies in the United States (e.g., Miller-Johnson et al., 2004). Similarly, a Bulgarian study reported Cronbach’s alphas ranging between .83 and .87 (Biliċ, 2013). However, there have been no reported studies on the structure of the A-PBFS.


Items of the Aggression-Problem Behavior Frequency Scale:

Physical Aggression

1. Thrown something at someone to hurt them?
2. Been in a fight in which someone was hit?
3. Threatened to hurt a teacher?
4. Shoved or pushed another kid?
5. Threatened someone with a weapon (gun‚ knife‚ club‚ etc.)?
6. Hit or slapped another kid?
7. Threatened to hit or physically harm another kid?
Non-Physical Aggression
8. Insulted someone’s family?
9. Teased someone to make them angry?
10. Put someone down to their face?
11. Gave mean looks to another student?
12. Picked on someone?
13. Didn’t let another student be in your group anymore because you were mad at them?
14. Told another kid you wouldn’t like them unless they did what you wanted them to do?
15. Tried to keep others from liking another kid by saying mean things about him/her?
16. Spread a false rumor about someone?
17. Left another kid out on purpose when it was time to do an activity?
18. Said things about another student to make

Psychometric properties of the Aggression-Problem Behavior Frequency Scale:

These items measure the frequency of physical aggression‚ non-physical aggression‚ and relationship aggression.
  • physical aggression‚ non-physical aggression
This instrument can be found on pages 181-182 of Measuring Violence-Related Attitudes‚ Behaviors‚ and Influences Among Youths: A Compendium of Assessment Tools‚ available online at: .
Middle school students‚ grades6-8. 12-16.
Point values for each subscale are assigned as follows:
Never = 1
1-2 times = 2
3-5 times = 3
6-9 times = 4
10-19 times = 5
20 or more times = 6
Point values are summed for each subscale. High scores indicate higher levels of aggressive behavior.

References of the Aggression-Problem Behavior Frequency Scale:

Multisite Violence Prevention Project. Description of measures: cohort-wide student survey‚ 2004.Available from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention‚ National Center for Injury Prevention and Control‚ Atlanta‚ GA.

Crick NR‚ Bigbee MA. Relational and overt forms of peer victimization: a multi-informant approach.Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology1998;66:337-347.

Farrell AD‚ Kung EM‚ White KS‚ Valois R. The structure of self-reported aggression‚ drug use‚ anddelinquent behaviors during early adolescence.Journal of Clinical Child Psychology 2000;29:282-292.

Orpinas P‚ Frankowski R. The aggression scale: a self-report measure of aggressive behavior foryoung adolescents. Journal of Early Adolescence2001;21(1):51-68.