Wolf Motor Function Test (WMFT)
S Wolf‚ D Lecraw‚ L Barton‚ B Jann (1989)
All tasks are performed as quickly as possible and are truncated at 120 seconds (timing ceased). Tasks are as follows:
1. Forearm to table (side): Subject attempts to place forearm on the table by abduction at the shoulder _____s
2. Forearm to box (side): Subject attempts to place forearm on the box by abduction at the shoulder _____s
3. Extend elbow (side): Subject attempts to reach across the table by extending the elbow (to the side) _____s
4. Extend elbow (to the side) with weight: Subject attempts to push the sandbag against outer wrist joint across the table by extending the elbow _____s
5. Hand to table (front): Subject attempts to place involved hand on the table _____s
6. Hand to box (front): Subject attempts to place involved hand on the box _____s
7. Reach and retrieve (front): Subject attempts to pull 1 lb weight across table by using elbow flexion and cupped wrist _____s
8. Lift can (front): Subject attempts to lift can and bring it close to lips with a cylindrical grasp _____s
9. Lift pencil (front): Subject attempts to pick up pencil by using 3-jaw chuck grasp (tripod) _____s
10. Pick up paper clip (front): Subject attempts to pick up paper clip by using a pincer grip _____s
11. Stack three checkers (front): Subject attempts to stack checkers onto centre checker _____s
12. Flip three cards (front): Using the pincer grip‚ subject attempts to flip each card over _____s
13. Turning the key in lock (front): Using pincer grasp‚ while maintaining contact‚ subject turns key fully left/ right _____s
14. Fold towel (front): Subject grasps towel‚ folds it lengthwise‚ and then uses the tested hand to fold the towel in half again _____s
15. Lift basket (standing): Subject picks up basket by grasping the handles and placing it on table _____s
TOTAL TIME: ______n
1. Box (cardboard) – 10-inches (25.4 cm.) in height. This represents approximate shoulder height for the average adult. An 8-inch (20.3 cm.) and 6-inch (15.2 cm.) box should also be available for shorter individuals.
2. 1 lb. Cuff-weight with Velcro strap.
3. 1-20 lb. Cuff-weight with removable weight inserts.
4. Unopened 12-oz. soft drink can (392 gm.).
5. 7-inch (17.78 cm.) pencil with 6 flat sides.
6. 2-inch (5.08 cm.) paper clip (colored and coated with plastic).
7. Three standard checkers.
8. Three 3-inch (7.62 cm.) x 5-inch (12.7 cm.) index cards.
9. Standard grip strength dynamometer.
10. Lock and key secured to a board that is placed at a 45-degree angle. Tumblers are set so the key moves through a 180-degree arc (only)‚ with 90 degrees of that arc on either side of midline.
11. Standard dish towel: 25-inch (63.5 cm.) x 15-inch (38.10 cm.).
12. Plastic or wicker tote basket with handle – approximately 15 inches (38.1 cm.) in height‚ 8.5 inches (21.6 cm.) in width‚ and 14 inches (35.56 cm.) in length.
1. Desk/table of standard height – approximately 29-inches (73.5 cm.) in height‚ 54-inches (137cm.) in width‚ and 30-inches (76 cm.) in length.
2. Straight back chair – seat 18-inches (45.7 cm) high‚ without armrests.
3. Template to be taped flush to the desk/table top to indicate test object placement.
4. Talcum/baby powder.
This instrument can be found pages 30-31 of Compendium of Clinical Measures for Community Rehabilitation‚ available online at: http://www.health.qld.gov.au/qhcrwp/docs/clinical_measure.pdf
Steven L. Wolf‚ Pamela A. Catlin‚ Michael Ellis‚ Audrey Link Archer‚ Bryn Morgan and Aimee Piacentino (2001). Assessing Wolf Motor Function Test as Outcome Measure for Research in Patients After Stroke. Stroke 32:1635-1639.