Sport Multidimensional Perfectionism Scale-2

Sport Multidimensional Perfectionism Scale-2 (Sport-MPS-2)
Gotwals & Dunn‚ 2009
To what extent do you agree or disagree with the following statements?
1. If I do not set the highest standards for myself in my sport‚ I am likely to end up a second-rate player.
2. Even if I fail slightly in competition‚ for me‚ it is as bad as being a complete failure.
3. I usually feel uncertain as to whether or not my training effectively prepares me for competition.
4. My parents set very high standards for me in my sport.
5. On the day of competition I have a routine that I try to follow.
6. I feel like my coach criticizes me for doing things less than perfectly in competition.
7. In competition‚ I never feel like I can quite meet my parents‘ expectations.
8. I hate being less than the best at things in my sport.
9. I have and follow a pre-competitive routine.
10. If I fail in competition‚ I feel like a failure as a person.
11. Only outstanding performance during competition is good enough in my family.
12. I usually feel unsure about the adequacy of my pre-competition practices.
13. Only outstanding performance in competition is good enough for my coach.
14. I rarely feel that my training fully prepares me for competition.
15. My parents have always had higher expectations for my future in sport than I have.
16. The fewer mistakes I make in competition‚ the more people will like me.
17. It is important to me that I be thoroughly competent in everything I do in my sport.
18. I follow pre-planned steps to prepare myself for competition.
19. I feel like I am criticized by my parents for doing things less than perfectly in competition.
20. Prior to competition‚ I rarely feel satisfied with my training.
21. I think I expect higher performance and greater results in my daily sport-training than most players.
22. I feel like I can never quite live up to my coach‘s standards.
23. I feel that other players generally accept lower standards for themselves in sport than I do.
24. I should be upset if I make a mistake in competition.
25. In competition‚ I never feel like I can quite live up to my parents‘ standards.
26. My coach sets very high standards for me in competition.
27. I follow a routine to get myself into a good mindset going into competition.
28. If a team-mate or opponent (who plays a similar position to me) plays better than me during competition‚ then I feel like I failed to some degree.
29. My parents expect excellence from me in my sport.
30. My coach expects excellence from me at all times: both in training and competition.
31. I rarely feel that I have trained enough in preparation for a competition.
32. If I do not do well all the time in competition‚ I feel that people will not respect me as an athlete.
33. I have extremely high goals for myself in my sport.
34. I develop plans that dictate how I want to perform during competition.
35. I feel like my coach never tries to fully understand the mistakes I sometimes make.
36. I set higher achievement goals than most athletes who play my sport.
37. I usually have trouble deciding when I have practiced enough heading into a competition.
38. I feel like my parents never try to fully understand the mistakes I make in competition.
39. People will probably think less of me if I make mistakes in competition.
40. My parents want me to be better than all other players who play my sport.
41. I set plans that highlight the strategies I want to use when I compete.
42. If I play well but only make one obvious mistake in the entire game‚ I still feel disappointed with my performance.
Subscales labeled Personal Standards‚ Concern Over Mistakes‚ Perceived Parental Pressure‚ and Perceived Coach Pressure‚ Doubts About Actions and Organization.
Personal standards .76
Concern over mistakes .85
Perceived parental pressure .78
Perceived coach pressure .77
Doubts about actions .76
This instrument can be found online at:
5-point scale (1 = strongly disagree; 5 = strongly agree)

Dunn‚ J. G. H.‚ Causgrove Dunn‚ J. L.‚ Gotwals‚ J. K.‚ Vallance‚ J. K. H.‚ Craft‚ J. M.‚ & Syrotuik‚ D. G. (2006). Establishing construct validity evidence for the Sport Multidimensional Perfectionism Scale. Psychology of Sport & Exercise‚ 7‚ 57-79.

Gotwals‚ J. K.‚ & Dunn‚ J. G. H. (2009). A multi-method multi-analytic approach to establishing internal construct validity evidence: The Sport Multidimensional Perfectionism Scale 2. Measurement in Physical Education and Exercise Science‚ 13‚ 71-92.

Sapieja‚ Klaudia M.‚ Dunn‚ G. H.‚ and Holt‚ Nicholas L.‚ (2011). Perfectionism and perceptions of parenting styles in male youth soccer. Journal of sport & exercise; 33(1):20-39.

Sapieja‚ Klaudia. (2009). Perfectionism and Parenting Styles in Male Youth Soccer. Thesis of (M.A.).-University of Alberta.