1 = Very Rarely or Never‚ 2 = Rarely‚ 3 = Sometimes‚ 4 = Often‚ 5 = Very Often or Always
Positive Feelings (SPANE-P): Add the scores‚ varying from 1 to 5‚ for the six items: positive‚ good‚ pleasant‚ happy‚ joyful‚ and contented. The score can vary from 6(lowest possible) to 30 (highest positive feelings score).
Negative Feelings (SPANE-N): Add the scores‚ varying from 1 to 5‚ for the six items: negative‚ bad‚ unpleasant‚ sad‚ afraid‚ and angry. The score can vary from 6(lowest possible) to 30 (highest negative feelings score).
Affect Balance (SPANE-B): The negative feelings score is subtracted from the positive feelings score‚ and the resultant difference score can vary from -24 (unhappiestpossible) to 24 (highest affect balance possible). A respondent with a very high score of24 reports that she or he rarely or never experiences any of the negative feelings‚ andvery often or always has all of thepositive feelings.
Diener‚ E.‚ Wirtz‚ D.‚ Tov‚ W.‚ Kim-Prieto‚ C.‚ Choi. D.‚ Oishi‚ S.‚ & Biswas-Diener‚ R. (2009). New measures of well-being: Flourishing and positive and negative feelings. Social Indicators Research‚ 39‚ 247-266.
Diener‚ E.‚ & Biswas-Diener‚ R. (2008) Happiness: unlocking the mysteries of psychological wealth. Malden‚ MA: Wiley-Blackwell.
Diener‚ E.‚ Wirtz‚ D.‚ Tov‚ W.‚ Kim-Prieto‚ C.‚ Choi‚ DW.‚ Oishi‚ S.‚ & Biswas-Diener‚ R. (2010). New well-being measures: Short scales to assess flourishing and positive and negative feelings. Social Indicator Research‚ 97‚ 143-156.