Marvin E. Olsen‚ 1969
1. I do not remember my parent talking to me about world peace.
2. I think voting in a presidential election is one of the most important duties of a citizen.
3. TV news programs are so boring that I seldom watch them.
4. I do not like to be asked what to do about world peace.
5. Voting is my obligation.
6. I have no interest in initiating a discussion on politics.
7. It is kind of fun to involve others in a discussion for world peace policies.
8. I have no interest in watching the President's address on TV.
9. Reading TIME or Newsweek is not boring.
10.My friends seldom talk about politics.
11.I recommend others to vote for my candidate.
12.It is very important to me to exercise the right to vote in a presidential election.
13.Attending political meetings is an important action for me.
14.Voting makes a difference in how the government runs things.
15.Not to vote in a congressional election is to give up a major responsibility to our society.
16.I dislike a political rally.
17.It is exciting to participate in the political proses through exhorting others to vote for a certain candidate.
18.Peace is maintained by force rather than by talk.
19.The civil war in El Salvador should be determined by military solutions in the long run.
20.I would feel uncomfortable to initiate a class discussion on world disarmament.
Incapability scale and discontentment scale (Olsen‚ 1969).
5=Strongly Agree‚ 4= Agree‚ 3= Undecided‚ 2= Disagree‚ 1= Strongly Disagree
Olsen‚ Marvin E. (1968). "Two Categories of Political Alienation". Social Forces 47. Retrieved 2011-06-21.
Choichiro Yatani‚ 1982. Attitudes Toward Political Participation and Preference for Violence. Oregon State University. master of Art Thesis.