Michigan Alcohol Screening Test

Michigan Alcohol Screening Test
Selzer‚ 1971
 
Adolescent version of the Michigan Alcoholism Screening Test
1.    Do you feel you are a normal drinker/user?
2.    Have you ever awakened the morning after some drinking/using the night before and found that you could not remember a part of the evening?
3.    Does any family member or significant other ever worry or complain about your drinking/using?
4.    Can you stop drinking/using without a struggle after one or two drinks or one or two uses?
5.    Do you ever feel bad about your drinking/using?
6.    Do friends or relatives think you are a normal drinker/user?
7.    Are you always able to stop drinking/using when you want to?
8.    Have you ever attended a meeting of Alcoholics/Narcotics Anonymous?
9.    Have you gotten into fights when drinking/using?
10.Has drinking/using ever cr‎eated problems with you and your girlfriend/boyfriend?
11.Has any family member or significant other ever gone to anyone for help about your drinking/using?
12.Have you ever lost friends or girlfriends/boyfriends because of drinking/using?
13.Have you ever gotten into trouble at school because of drinking/using?
14.Have you ever lost a job because drinking/using?
15.Have you ever neglected your obligations‚ your family or school for two or more days in a row because you were drinking/using?
16.Do you ever drink/use before noon?
17.Have you ever been told you have liver trouble Cirrhosis?
18.Have you ever had delirium tremens (DTs)‚ severe shaking‚ heard voices‚ or seen things that were not there after heavy drinking/using?
19.Have you ever gone to anyone for help about your drinking/using?
20.Have you ever been in a hospital because of drinking/using?
21.Have you ever been a patient in a psychiatric hospital or on a psychiatric ward of a general hospital where drinking/using was part of the problem?
22.Have you ever been seen at a psychiatric or mental health clinic‚ or gone to a doctor‚ social worker or clergyman for help with an emotional problem in which drinking/using had played a part?
23.Have you ever been arrested or gotten a ticket when you have been drinking/using? (For anything other than a DUI.)
24.Have you ever been arrested for drunk driving‚ driving after drinking or drinking under the influence?
 
Michigan Alcohol Screening Test (MAST)
NATIONAL COUNCIL ON ALCOHOLISM AND DRUG DEPENDENCE
0. Do you enjoy drinking now and then? Yes‚ NO
1.    Do you feel you are a normal drinker? ("normal" - drink as much or less than most other people) Yes‚ NO (2)*
2.    Have you ever awakened the morning after some drinking the night before and found that you could not remember a part of the evening? Yes‚ NO (2)
3.    Does your wife‚ husband‚ a parent‚ or other near relative ever worry or complain about your drinking? Yes‚ NO (1)
4.    Can you stop drinking without a struggle after one or two drinks? Yes‚ NO (2)*
5.    Do you ever feel guilty about your drinking? Yes‚ NO (1)
6.    Do friends or relatives think you are a normal drinker? Yes‚ NO (2)*
7.    Are you able to stop drinking when you want to? Yes‚ NO (2)*
8.    Have you ever attended a meeting of Alcoholics Anonymous (AA)? Yes‚ NO (5)
9.    Have you gotten into physical fights when drinking? Yes‚ NO (1)
10.Has you drinking ever cr‎eated problems between you and your wife‚ husband‚ a parent‚ or other relative? Yes‚ NO (2)
11.Has your wife‚ husband (or other family members) ever gone to anyone for help about your drinking? Yes‚ NO (2)
12.Have you ever lost friends because of your drinking? Yes‚ NO (2)
13.Have you ever gotten into trouble at work or school because of drinking? (2)
14.Have you ever lost a job because of drinking? Yes‚ NO (2)
15.Have you ever neglected your obligations‚ your family‚ or your work for two or more days in a row because you were drinking? Yes‚ NO (2)
16.Do you drink before noon fairly often? Yes‚ NO (1)
17.Have you ever been told you have liver trouble? Cirrhosis? Yes‚ NO (2)
18.After heavy drinking have you ever had Delirium Tremens (D.T.s) or severe shaking‚ or heard voices‚ or seen things that are really not there? Yes‚ NO (2)**
19.Have you ever gone to anyone for help about your drinking? Yes‚ NO (5)
20.Have you ever been in a hospital because of drinking? Yes‚ NO (5)
21.Have you ever been a patient in a psychiatric hospital or on a psychiatric ward of a general hospital where drinking was part of the problem that resulted in hospitalization? Yes‚ NO (2)
22.Have you ever been seen at a psychiatric or mental health clinic or gone to any doctor‚ social worker‚ or clergyman for help with any emotional problem‚ where drinking was part of the problem? Yes‚ NO (2)
23.Have you ever been arrested for drunk driving‚ driving while intoxicated‚ or driving under the influence of alcoholic beverages? (If YES‚ How many times?___) Yes‚ NO (2) ***
24.Have you ever been arrested‚ or taken into custody even for a few hours‚ because of other drunk behavior? (If YES‚ How many times?___) Yes‚ NO (2)***
* Alcoholic response is negative
** 5 points for Delirium Tremens
*** 2 points for each arrest
Michigan Alcohol Screening Test (MAST)‚ Revised
1.    Do you feel you are a normal drinker? (“normal” – drink as much or less than most other people)?
2.    Have you ever awakened the morning after some drinking the night before and found that you could not remember a part of the evening?
3.    Does any near relative or close friend ever worry or complain about your drinking?
4.    Can you stop drinking without difficulty after one or two drinks?
5.    Do you ever feel bad [guilty] about your drinking?
6.    Have you ever attended a meeting of Alcoholics Anonymous (AA)?
7.    Have you ever gotten into physical fights when drinking?
8.    Has drinking ever cr‎eated problems between you and a near relative or close friend?
9.    Has any family member or close friend gone to anyone for help about your drinking?
10.Have you ever lost friends because of your drinking?
11.Have you ever gotten into trouble at work because of drinking?
12.Have you ever lost a job because of drinking?
13.Have you ever neglected your obligations‚ your family‚ or your work for two or more days in a row because you were drinking?
14.Do you drink before noon fairly often?
15.Have you ever been told you have liver trouble such as cirrhosis?
16.After heavy drinking have you ever had delirium tremens (D.T.’s)‚ severe shaking‚ visual or auditory (hearing) hallucinations?
17.Have you ever gone to anyone for help about your drinking?
18.Have you ever been hospitalized because of drinking?
19.Has your drinking ever resulted in your being hospitalized in a psychiatric ward?
20.Have you been arrested more than once for driving under the influence of alcohol?
21.Have you ever been arrested‚ even for a few hours‚ because of other behavior while drinking?
Alcohol Use Questionnaire (Brief Michigan Alcoholism Screening Test) (MAST)
Pokorny‚ A.‚ et al. (1972)
1.    Do you feel you are a normal drinker? Yes No
2.    Do friends or relatives think you are a normal drinker? Yes No
3.    Have you ever attended a meeting of Alcoholics Anonymous (AA)? Yes No
4.    Have you ever lost friends‚ girlfriends or boyfriends because of your drinking? Yes No
5.    Have you ever gotten into trouble at work because of drinking? Yes No
6.    Have you ever neglected your obligations‚ your family‚ or your work for two or more days in a row because you were drinking?
7.    Have you ever had delirium tremens (DTs)‚ severe shaking‚ after heavy drinking?
8.    Have you ever got to anyone for help about your drinking?
9.    Have you ever been in a hospital because of your drinking?
10.Have you ever been arrested for drunk driving or driving after drinking?
Short MAST
1.    Do you feel you are a normal drinker?
2.    Do your spouse or parents worry or complain about your drinking?
3.    Do you ever feel bad about your drinking?
4.    Do friends or relatives think you are a normal drinker?
5.    Are you always able to stop drinking when you want to?
6.    Have you ever attended a meeting of Alcoholics Anonymous AA?
7.    Has drinking ever cr‎eated problems between you and your
8.    Have you ever gotten into trouble at work because of drinking?
9.    Have you ever neglected your obligations‚ your family‚ or your work for 2 or more days in a row because you were drinking?
10.Have you ever gone to anyone for help about your drinking?
11.Have you ever been in a hospital because of your drinking?
12.Have you ever been arrested even for a few hours because of drinking?
13.Have you ever been arrested for drunk driving or driving after drinking?
Short MAST
1.    Do you feel that you are a normal drinker? (by normal we mean do you drink less than or as much as most other people.)
2.    Does your wife‚ husband‚ a parent‚ or other near relative ever worry or complain about your drinking?
3.    Do you ever feel guilty about your drinking?
4.    Do friends or relatives think you are a normal drinker?
5.    Are you able to stop drinking when you want to?
6.    Have you ever attended a meeting of Alcoholics Anonymous (AA)?
7.    Has your drinking ever cr‎eated problems between you and your wife‚ husband‚ a parent or other near relative?
8.    Have you ever gotten into trouble at work because of your drinking?
9.    Have you ever neglected your obligations‚ your family‚ or your work for two or more days in a row because you were drinking?
10.Have you ever gone to anyone for help about your drinking?
11.Have you ever been in a hospital because of drinking?
12.Have you ever been arrested for drunken driving‚ driving while intoxicated‚ or driving under the influence of alcoholic beverages?
13.Have you ever been arrested‚ even for a few hours‚ because of other drunken behaviors?
Michigan Alcoholism Screening Test-Geriatric Version
Joseph et al‚ 1995
1.    After drinking‚ have you ever noticed an increase in your heart rare or beating in your chest?
2.    When talking with others‚ do you ever underestimate how much you actually drink?
3.    Does alcohol make you sleepy so that you often fall asleep in your chair?
4.    After a few drinks‚ have you sometimes not eaten or been able to skip a meal?
5.    Does ha‎ving a few drinks help decrease your shakiness or Tremors?
6.    Does alcohol sometimes make it hard for you to remember parts of the day or night?
7.    Do you have rules for yourself that you won't drink before a certain time of the day?
8.    Have you lost interest in hobbies or activities you used to enjoy?
9.    When you wake up in the morning‚ do you have trouble remembering the night before?
10.Does ha‎ving a drink‚ help you sleep?
11.Do you hide your alcohol bottles from Family members?
12.After a social gathering‚ have you ever felt embarrassed because you drank too much?
13.Have you ever been concerned that drinking might be harmful to your health?
14.Do you like to end an evening with. a nightcap?
15.Did you find your drinking increased after someone dose to you died?
16.In general‚ would you prefer to have a few drinks at home rather than go out to social events?
17.Are you drinking more now than in the past?
18.Do you usually take a drink to relax or calm your nerves?
19.Do you drink to take your mind off your problems?
20.Have you ever increased your drinking after experiencing a loss in your life?
21.Do you sometimes drive when you have had too much to drink?
22.Has a doctor or nurse ever said they were worried or concerned about your drinking?
23.Have you ever made rules to manage your drinking?
24.When you feel lonely does ha‎ving a drink help?
The Short MAST-GERIATRIC VERSION (SMAST-G)
1.    When talking with others‚ do you ever underestimate how much you drink?
2.    After a few drinks‚ have you sometimes not eaten or been able to skip a meal because you didn’t feel hungry?
3.    Does ha‎ving a few drinks help decrease your shakiness or tremors?
4.    Does alcohol sometimes make it hard for you to remember parts of the day or night?
5.    Do you usually take a drink to calm your nerves?
6.    Do you drink to take your mind off your problems?
7.    Have you ever increased your drinking after experiencing a loss in your life?
8.    Has a doctor or nurse ever said they were worried or concerned about your drinking?
9.    Have you ever made rules to manage your drinking?
10.When you feel lonely‚ does ha‎ving a drink help?
Extra Q: Do you drink alcohol and take mood or mind altering drugs‚ including prescription tranquilizers‚ prescription sleeping pills‚ prescription pain pills‚ or any illicit drugs?”

Selzer‚ M.L. (1971). ‘The Michigan Alcoholism Screening Test (MAST): The quest for a new diagnostic instrument’‚ American Journal of Psychiatry‚ 127:1653-1658.

Pokorny‚ A.‚ et al. (1972). “The Brief MAST: A shortened version of the Michigan Alcoholism Screening Test‚” 27(12) American Journal of Psychiatry 342-345

Selzer‚ M.L.‚ Vinokur‚ A.‚ and van Rooijen‚ L.‚ (1975). Self-Administered Short Version of the Michigan Alcoholism Screening Test (SMAST). Journal of Studies on Alcohol‚ 36:117-126.

Zung‚ B. J. (1980). Factor structure of the Michigan Alcoholism Screening Test (MAST) in a psychiatric outpatient population. Journal of Clinical Psychology‚ 36‚ 1024-1030.

Buddy‚ T. "Michigan Alcohol Screening Test". About.Com. Retrieved 20 September 2011

Maisto‚ S.A.‚ Connors‚ G.J. & Allen‚ J.P. (1995) ‘Contrasting self-report screens for alcohol problems: A review’‚ Alcoholism: Clinical and Experimental Research‚ 19(6):1510-1516.

Bradley‚ KA; Boyd-Wickizer‚ J; Powell‚ SH; Burman‚ ML. (1998) ‘Alcohol screening questionnaires in women: A critical review’‚ Journal of the American Medical Association 280(2): 166-171

Teitelbaum‚ L. & Mullen‚ B. (2000) ‘Validity of the MAST in psychiatric settings: A META-analytic integration’‚ Journal of Studies on Alcohol‚ 61(2):254-261.

Thurber‚ S.‚ Snow‚ M.‚ Lewis‚ D.‚ & Hodgson‚ J. M. (2001). Item ch‎aracteristics of the Michigan Alcoholism Screening Test. Journal of Clinical Psychology‚ 57‚ 139-144.

Hirata‚ E.S.; Almeida‚ O.P.; Funari‚ R.R.; Klein‚ E.L. (2001) ‘Validity of the Michigan Alcoholism Screening Test (MAST) for the Detection of Alcohol-Related Problems among Male Geriatric Outpatients’‚ American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry 9:30-34

Gibbs LE. Validity and reliability of the Michigan Alcoholism Screening Test: A review. Drug Alcohol Depend 1985; 12:279-85.