Management Position Questionnaire

Porter, L. W. (1961). A study of perceived need satisfactions in bottom and middle management jobs. Journal of Applied Psychology 45:1–10.

Comments: The Management Position Questionnaire (MPQ) contains 15 management position characteristics that relate to need satisfaction. Overall, these items correspond to Maslow’s need hierarchy: security, social, esteem, autonomy, and self-actualization. No items related to physiological needs were included, and two other items related to pay and to the feeling of being-in-the-know were added. The MPQ examines the differences among needs within various levels of management. Several instruments grew out of the MPQ.

Sample: The original sample consisted of 64 bottom-level (lowest level of management in an organization) and 75 middle-level (above the first level of supervision) managers from three organizations. A description of the three or- ganizations is provided.

Data Analysis: Data reflecting the differences between perceived amount of present fulfillment of needs and the amount of fulfillment believed should be available are reported for both bottom-level and middle-level positions. In addition, data reflecting the importance of these needs for both groups are also presented.


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Management Position Questionnaire

  1. The feeling of security in my management position
  2. The opportunity, in my management position, to give help to other people
  3. The opportunity to develop close friendships in my management position
  4. The feeling of self-esteem a person gets from being in my management position
  5. The prestige of my management position inside the company (that is, the regard received from others in the company)
  6. The prestige of my management position outside the company (that is, the regard received from others not in the company)
  7. The authority connected with my management position
  8. The opportunity for independent thought and action in my management position
  9. The opportunity, in my management position, for participation in the setting of goals
  10. The opportunity, in my management position, for participation in the determination of methods and procedures
  11. The opportunity for personal growth and development in my management position
  12. The feeling of self-fulfillment a person gets from being in my management position (that is, the feeling of being able to use one’s own unique capabilities, realizing one’s potentialities)
  13. The feeling of worthwhile accomplishment in my management position
  14. The pay for my management position
  15. The feeling of being-in-the-know in my management position

Scoring: Each item is rated on a seven-point scale ranging from 1 (minimum) to 7 (maximum). Respondents are asked to give three ratings for each item in terms of: How much of the characteristic is there now connected with your manage- ment position? How much of the characteristic do you think should be connected with your management position? How important is this position characteristic to you?