Freiburg Mindfulness Inventory (FMI)

Freiburg Mindfulness Inventory (FMI)
Buchheld et al‚ 2001 & Walach et al.‚ 2006
Short Form
Walach et al.‚ 2006
1.    I am open to the experience of the present moment.
2.    I sense my body‚ whether eating‚ cooking‚ cleaning or talking.
3.    When I notice an absence of mind‚ I gently return to the experience of the here and now.
4.    I am able to appreciate myself.
5.    I pay attention to what’s behind my actions.
6.    I see my mistakes and difficulties without judging them.
7.    I feel connected to my experience in the here-and-now.
8.    I accept unpleasant experiences.
9.    I am friendly to myself when things go wrong.
10.I watch my feelings without getting lost in them.
11.In difficult situations‚ I can pause without immediately reacting.
12.I experience moments of inner peace and ease‚ even when things get hectic and stressful.
13.I am impatient with myself and with others. *
14.I am able to smile when I notice how I sometimes make life difficult.
* Revers coded


(1) Rarely‚ (2) Occasionally‚ (3) Fairly often‚ (4) Almost always

Buchheld‚ N.‚ Grossman‚ P.‚ Walach‚ H. (2001). Measuring mindfulness in insight meditation (Vipassana) and meditation-based psychotherapy: The development of the Freiburg Mindfulness Inventory (FMI). Journal of Meditation and Meditation Research‚ 1‚ 11-34

Walach‚ H.‚ Buchheld‚ N.‚ Buttenmüller‚ V.‚ Kleinknecht‚ N.‚ & Schmidt‚ S. (2006). Measuring mindfulness—The Freiburg Mindfulness Inventory (FMI). Journal of Personality and Individual Differences‚ 40‚ 1543–1555.

Grossman‚ p.‚ Niemann‚ L.‚ Schmidt‚ S.‚ Walach‚ H.‚ (2004). Mindfulness-based stress reduction and health benefits A meta-analysis. J Journal of Psychosomatic Research‚ 57‚ 35 – 43.

Sauer‚ S.‚ Walach‚ H.‚ Offenbächer‚ M.‚ Siobhan‚ L.‚ & Kohls‚ N. (2011). Measuring mindfulness: A Rasch analysis of the Freiburg Mindfulness Inventory. Religions‚ 2‚ 693–706

Belzer‚ F.‚ Schmidt‚ S.‚ Lucius-Hoene‚ G.‚ Schneider‚ J.F.‚ Orellana-Rios‚ C.‚ & Sauer‚ S. (2012). Challenging the construct validity of mindfulness assessment – A cognitive interview study of the Freiburg Mindfulness Inventory. Mindfulness‚ 4‚ 33–44.

Walach et al.‚ (2006). Freiburg Mindfulness Inventory–Short Form). In: Simmons C. A.‚ Lehmann P. (eds). Tools for strengths-based assessment and evaluation‚ New York‚ NY: Springer‚ pp. 156-158. (2013). Google Scholar