Harassment occurs when a student‚ or several students‚ say mean and hurtful things or make fun of another student or call him or her mean and hurtful names‚ completely ignore or exclude him or her from their group of friends‚ or leave him or her out of things on purpose‚ tell lies or spread false rumors about him or her‚ send mean notes and try to make other students dislike him or her‚ and other hurtful things like that. When we talk about harassment‚ these things happen repeatedly‚ and it is difficult for the student being harassed to defend himself or herself. We also call it harassment when a student is teased repeatedly in a mean and hurtful way. But we don’t call it harassment when the teasing is done in a friendly and playful way. Also‚ it is not harassment when two students of about equal strength or power argue or fight.
1. Have you heard of students using technology to harass other students (for example‚ the Internet‚ computers‚ cell phones‚ answering machines‚ video cameras)? If yes‚ what types of technology were used?
2. If yes‚ how was the technology used? Please describe the event.
3. Have these types of harassing behaviors involving technology been directed toward you?
4. If yes‚ how have you been impacted? (Check One)
a. I felt sad and hurt.
b. I felt angry.
c. I felt embarrassed.
d. I felt afraid.
e. I felt anxious.
f. I missed school because of it.
g. I cried.
h. I had difficulty concentrating.
i. My marks have dropped because of it.
j. I blame myself.
5. Do the people who harrassed you by using technology also harrass you in other way (not using technology)?
6. Do you ever use technology to harass others?
Copyright © 2005 Baywood Publishing Co.‚ Inc. Reproduced by special permission of the publisher‚ Baywood Publishing Co.‚ Inc.‚ 26 Austin Ave. PO Box 337‚ Amityville‚ NY 11701‚ from: Cyber-harassment: A study of a new method for an old behavior by Tanya Beran and Qing Li. Further reproduction is prohibited without permission from Baywood Publishing Co.‚ Inc..
This instrument can be found on pages 82-83 of Measuring Bullying Victimization‚ Perpetration‚ and BystanderExperiences:A Compendium of Assessment Tools‚ available online at: http://www.cdc.gov/violenceprevention/pdf/bullycompendiumbk-a.pdf
For items 3‚ 4 (A to j)‚ 5 and 6
Never = 0
Once or twice = 1
A few times = 2
Every day = 4
Cyberbullying Victimization Scale: Items 1–6‚ 9–11
Cyberbullying Offending Scale: Items 14–18
Beran‚ T.‚ & Li‚ Q. (2005). Cyber-harassment: A study of a new method for an old behavior. Journal of Educational Computing Research‚ 32‚ 265–277.
Developer’s Contact Information
Tanya Beran‚ PhD
Division of Applied Psychology
University of Calgary
AB‚ Canada T2N 1N4