Punia and Berwal‚ 2017
1. I take my decisions independently.
2. I can move freely to the places I like to visit.
3. Most of the time‚ I feel unhappy without any reason. *
4. People give importance to me.
5. My family is very cooperative.
6. I have my own identity.
7. Sometimes‚ I get upset about the surrounding environment. *
8. Every ritual and festival has got some importance associated with it.
9. I enjoy cultural programs even though I have visual problems.
10.Many people discriminate against me because of my visual impairment.
11.I am satisfied with my performance at school. *
12.I usually feel anxious. *
13.It is all right to do anything you want as long as you stay out of trouble. *
14.This world is selfish. *
15.Visual impairment has increased my dependency on others. *
16.I cannot utilize all the resources available to me because of my visual limitations. *
17.I participate actively in the rituals and festivals celebrated at home.
18.I feel comfortable in social gatherings.
19.Everybody’s life has its own importance.
20.I feel connected with this world.
21.The attitude of my neighbors is very loving towards me.
22.My friends are good.
23.I do not feel good when I am alone.
24.I do not care about the rules and regulations framed by society. *
25.It is very difficult to trust anybody in the present time. *
26.To please others‚ I sometimes do things that are against the norms of society. *
27.I participate in decisions taken at home.
28.My contribution in the development of society is significant.
29.Success and failure are under our control.
30.I consider it a waste of time to go to fairs because I am deprived of vision. *
31.I do not agree with the present norms of society. *
32.I am not confident about my future. *
33.I am confused about the goal of my life. *
34.My family members take care of me.
35.I have many friends.
36.I like meeting with people.
37.My values are different from societal values. *
38.This world is directionless. *
39.I do not have much opportunity to be creative. *
40.My feelings are well taken care of by my family.
41.My life is full of sadness. *
42.I feel like a stranger among the people with whom I live. *
43.I sometimes feel helpless due to visual impairment. *
44.Whatever is going to happen in the future‚ it can be controlled by us.
45.My life has no importance. *
* reversed score
Five-point scale‚ ranging from “5=strongly disagree‚” “4= disagree‚” “3=undecided‚” “2=agree” and “1=strongly agree”
Powerlessness (1‚ 2‚ 15‚ 16‚ 29‚ 43‚ 44); Meaninglessness (14‚ 27‚ 28‚ 39‚ 40‚ 41‚ 42‚ 45); Normlessness (13‚ 24‚ 25‚ 26‚ 37‚ 38); Social isolation (3‚ 4‚ 5‚ 12‚ 20‚ 21‚ 22‚ 23‚ 34‚ 35‚ 36); Self-estrangement (6‚ 7‚ 10‚ 11‚ 18‚ 19‚ 32‚ 33); Cultural estrangement (8‚ 9‚ 17‚ 30‚ 31)
Punia‚ Poonam and Berwal‚ Sandeep. (2017). Alienation in Students with Visual Impairment in Special and Inclusive Schools: A Study of Haryana State. Journal of the Indian Academy of Applied Psychology‚ 43(1)‚ 427- 439.
Punia‚ Poonam and Berwal‚ Sandeep. (2017). Development and Standardization of an Alienation Scale for Visually Impaired Students. Journal of Visual Impairment & Blindness‚ (September-October)‚ 427- 439.