Collective Self-Esteem (CSE & CSE-R) Scale

CSE
  1. I am a worthy member of the social groups I belong to.
  2. I often regret that I belong to some of the social groups I do.
  3. Overall‚ my social groups are considered good by others.
  4. Overall‚ my group memberships have very little to do with how I feel about myself.
  5. I feel I don’t have much to offer to the social groups I belong to.
  6. In general‚ I’m glad to be a member of the social groups I belong to.
  7. Most people consider my social groups‚ on the average‚ to be more ineffective than other social groups.
  8. The social groups I belong to are an important reflection of who I am.
  9. I am a cooperative participant in the social groups I belong to.
  10. Overall‚ I often feel that the social groups of which I am a member are not worthwhile.
  11. In general‚ others respect the social groups that I am a member of.
  12. The social groups I belong to are unimportant to my sense of what kind of a person I am.
  13. I often feel I’m a useless member of my social groups.
  14. I feel good about the social groups I belong to.
  15. In general‚ others think that the social groups I am a member of are unworthy.
  16. In general‚ belonging to social groups is an important part of my self image.
CSE-R
  1. I am a worthy member of my race/ethnic group.
  2. I often regret that I belong to my racial/ethnic group.
  3. Overall‚ my racial/ethnic group is considered good by others.
  4. Overall‚ my race/ethnicity has very little to do with how I feel about myself.
  5. I feel I don’t have much to offer to my racial/ethnic group.
  6. In general‚ I’m glad to be a member of my racial/ethnic group.
  7. Most people consider my racial/ethnic group‚ on the average‚ to be more ineffective than other groups.
  8. The racial/ethnic group I belong to is an important reflection of who I am.
  9. I am a cooperative participant in the activities of my racial/ethnic group.
  10. Overall‚ I often feel that my racial/ethnic group is not worthwhile.
  11. In general‚ others respect my race/ethnicity.
  12. My race/ethnicity is unimportant to my sense of what kind of a person I am.
  13. I often feel I’m a useless member of my racial/ethnic group.
  14. I feel good about the race/ethnicity I belong to.
  15. In general‚ others think that my racial/ethnic group is unworthy.
  16. In general‚ belonging to my race/ethnicity is an important part of my self image.
Adopted: Tom‚ 2006
  1. I am a worthy member of the Black race.
  2. I often regret that I am Black. (R)
  3. Overall‚ Blacks are considered good by others.
  4. Overall‚ being Black has very little to do with how I feel about myself. (R)
  5. I feel I don’t have much to offer to the Black community. (R)
  6. In general‚ I’m glad to be Black.
  7. Most people consider Blacks‚ on the average‚ to be more ineffective than other social groups. (R)
  8. Being Black an important reflection of who I am.
  9. I am a cooperative participant in the Black community.
  10. Overall‚ I often feel that being Black is not worthwhile. (R)
  11. In general‚ others respect Black individuals.
  12. Being Black is unimportant to my sense of what kind of person I am. (R)
  13. I often feel I’m a useless member of the Black community. (R)
  14. I feel good about the Black race.
  15. In general‚ others think that Blacks are unworthy. (R)
  16. In general‚ being Black is an important part of my self-image.
The CSES contained four additional items‚ adapted by Leonardelli & Brewer (2001)
Ingroup Satisfaction
  1. I am pleased to be a member of the Black race.
  2. The Black race is not satisfying to me.
  3. I am unhappy with the Black race.
  4. I am satisfied with the Black race.
Additional items  by “tom‚ 2006” for use with Asians.
  1. I am pleased to be a member of the Asian race;”
  2. The Asian race is not satisfying to me (reverse scored);”
  3. I am unhappy with the Asian race (reverse scored);”
  4. I am satisfied with the Asian race.”
 
membership esteem‚ public collective self-esteem‚ private collective self-esteem‚ and importance to identity.
 
 
1=strongly disagree‚ 2=moderately disagree‚ 3=somewhat disagree‚ 4=neutral‚ 5=somewhat agree‚ 6=moderately agree‚ 7=strongly agree
 
 

Luhtanen‚ R.‚ & Crocker‚ J. (1992). A collective self-esteem scale: Self-evaluation of one’s social identity. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin‚ 18(3)‚ 302-318.

Leonardelli‚ G. G.‚ & Brewer‚ M. B. (2001). Minority and majority discrimination: When and why. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology‚ 37‚ 468-485.

Tom. David M.‚ (2006). Effects of perceived discrimination: rejection and identification as two distinct pathways and their associated effects. Ohio State University. PhD dissertation.