Information Bias

Information bias is a cognitive bias that involves the human tendency to seek information even when it does not affect actions, despite the fact that people often make better choices with less information. This illustrates the fact that sometimes an excess amount of information makes decision-making more difficult. This is seen time after time in history where a dedicated amateur (someone who was not over-burdened by book learning) has made major breakthroughs that professionals thought were impossible. An example of this is the Wright brothers and their early flying machines that were designed by observation and trial and error.