Tridimensional Personality Questionnaire (TPQ)

1. I am usually confident that everything will go well‚ even in situations that worry most people.
2. I often try new things just for fun or thrills‚ even if most people think it is a waste of time.
3. I like to discuss my experiences and feelings openly with friends instead of keeping them to myself.
4. When nothing new is happening‚ I usually start looking for something that is thrilling or exciting.
5. Usually‚ I am more worried than most people that something might go wrong in the future.
6. I don’t mind discussing my personal problems with people whom I have known briefly or slightly.
7. I would like to have warm and close friends with me most of the time.
8. I nearly always stay relaxed and carefree‚ even when nearly everyone else is fearful.
9. I usually demand very good practical reasons before I am willing to change my old ways of doing things.
10. I often have to stop what I am doing because I start worrying about what might go wrong.
11. I hate to change the way I do things‚ even if many people tell me there is a new and better way to do it.
12. My friends find it hard to know my feelings because I seldom tell them about my private thoughts.
13. I like it when people can do whatever they want without strict rules and regulations.
14. I often stop what I am doing because I get worried‚ even when my friends tell me everything will go well.
15. It wouldn’t bother me to be alone all the time.
16. I like to be very organized and set up rules for people whenever I can.
17. I usually do things my own way – rather than giving in to the wishes of other people.
18. I usually feel tense and worried when I have to do something new and unfamiliar.
19. I often feel tense and worried in unfamiliar situations‚ even when I others feel there is little to worry about.
20. Other people often think that I am too independent because I won’t do what they want.
21. Even when most people feel it is not important‚ I often insist on things being done in a strict and orderly way.
22. I often do things based on how I feel at the moment without thinking about how they were done in the past.
23. I often feel tense and worried in unfamiliar situations‚ even when others feel there is no danger.
24. I often break: rules and regulations when I think I can get away with it.
25. I don’t care very much whether other people like me or the way I do things.
26. I usually stay calm and secure in situations that most people find physically dangerous.
27. I feel it is more important to be sympathetic and understanding of other people than to be practical and tough minded.
28. I lose my temper more quickly than most people.
29. I am usually confident that I can easily do things that most people would consider dangerous (such as driving an automobile fast on a wet or icy road).
30. I often react so strongly to unexpected news that I say or do things that I regret.
31. People find it easy to come to me for help‚ sympathy‚ and warm understanding.
32. I am much more reserved and controlled than most people.
33. When I have to meet a group of strangers‚ I am more shy than most people.
34. I am strongly moved by sentimental appeals (like when asked to help crippled children).
35. I almost never get so excited that I lose control of myself
36. I have a reputation as someone who is very practical and does not act on emotions
37. I often avoid meeting strangers because I lack confidence with people I do not know.
38. I usually stay away from social situations where I would have to meet strangers even if I am assured that they will be friendly.
39. I usually push myself harder than most people do because I want to do as well as I possibly can.
40. I am slower than most people to get excited about new ideas and activities.
41. I often push myself to the point of exhaustion or try to do more than I really can.
42. I would probably stay relaxed and outgoing when meeting a group of strangers‚ even if I were told they were unfriendly.
43. It is difficult for me to keep the same interests for a long time because my attention often shifts to something else.
44. I think I would stay confident and relaxed when meeting strangers‚ even if I were told they were angry at me.
45. I could probably accomplish more than I do‚ but I don’t see the point in pushing myself harder than is necessary to get by.
46. I like to think about things for a long time before I make a decision.
47. Most of the time I would prefer to do something a little risky (like riding in a fast automobile over steep hills and sharp turns) rather than ha‎ving to stay quiet and inactive for a few hours
48. I often follow my instincts‚ hunches‚ or intuition without thinking through all the details.
49. I try to do as little work as possible even when other people expect more of me.
50. I often have to change my decisions because I had a wrong hunch or mistaken first impression.
51. Most of the time I would prefer to do something risky (like hang gliding or parachute jumping) rather than ha‎ving to stay quiet and inactive for a few hours.
52. I am satisfied with my accomplishments‚ and have little desire to do better.
53 I see no point in continuing to work on something unless there is a good chance of success.
54. I have less energy and get tired more quickly than most people.
55. I usually think about all the facts in detail before I make a decision.
56. I nearly always think about all the facts in detail before I make a decision‚ even when other people demand a quick fix.
57. I often need naps or extra rest periods because I get tired so easily.
58. I don’t go out of my way to please other people.
59. I am more energetic and tire less quickly than most.
60. I am usually able to get other people to believe me‚ even when I know what I am say in g is exaggerated or untrue.
61. I find it upsetting when other people don’t give me the support I expect from them.
62. I can usually do a good job of stretching the truth to tell a funnier story or playa joke on someone.
63. I usually can stay “on the go” all day without ha‎ving to push myself
64. I am usually more upset than most people by the loss of a close friend.
65. I have trouble telling a lie‚ even when it is meant to spare someone else’s feelings.
66. I am better at saving money than most people.
67. Even after there are problems in a friendship‚ I nearly always try to keep it going anyway.
68. I recover more slowly than most people from minor illnesses or stress.
69. I need much extra rest‚ support‚ or reassurance to recover from minor illnesses or stress.
70. I often spend money until I run out of cash or get into debt from using too much credit.
71. I seldom get upset when I don’t receive the recognition I deserve.
72. Because I so often spend too much money on impulse‚ it is hard for me to save money -even for special plans like a vacation.
73. It is extremely difficult for me to adjust to changes in my usual way of doing things because I get so tense‚ tired‚ or worried.
74. If I am feeling upset‚ I usually feel better around friends than when left alone.
75. I usually feel much more confident and energetic than most people‚ even after minor illnesses or stress.
76. Some people think I am too stingy or tight with my money.
77. I often keep trying the same thing over and over again‚ even when I have not had much success in a long time.
78. It is hard for me to enjoy spending money on myself‚ even when I have saved plenty of money.
79. I seldom let myself get upset or frustrated: when things don’t work out I simply move on to other activities.
80. I recover more quickly than most people from minor illnesses or stress.
81. I hate to make decisions based only on my first impression.
82. I think I will have very good luck in the future.
83. I am often moved deeply by a fine speech or poetry.
84. If I am embarrassed or humiliated‚ I get over it very quickly.
85. I like “tried and true” ways of doing things better than trying “new and improved” ways.
86. I like to keep my problems to myself
87. I enjoy saving money more than spending it on entertainment or thrills.
88. Even when I am with friends‚ I prefer not to “open up” very much.
89. I feel very confident and sure of myself in almost all social situations.
90. I usually like to stay cool and detached from other people.
91. I never worry about terrible things that might happen in the future.
92. I am more hard-working than most people.
93. In conversations‚ I am much better as a listener than as a talker.
94. I like to please other people as much as I can.
95. Regardless of any temporary problem that I have to overcome‚ I always think it will turn out well.
96. I like to stay at home better than to travel or explore new places.
97. I am usually so determined that I continue to work long after other people have given up.
98. I usually have good luck in whatever I try to do.
99. I like to pay close attention to details in everything I do.
100. It is easy for me to organize my thoughts while talking to someone.
A newer version of the questionnaire is called Temperament and ch‎aracter Inventory (TCI)
Novelty Seeking (NS)‚ Harm Avoidance (HA)‚ Reward Dependence (RD)‚ Persistence (PS)
and three so-called ch‎aracters
Self-Directedness (SD)‚ Cooperativeness (CO)‚ Self-Transcendence (ST)

Cloninger‚ c.‚ Przybeck‚ T.‚ & Svrakic‚ D. (1991). The Tridimensional Personality Questionnaire: U.S. normative data. Psychological Reports‚ 69‚ 1047-1057.

Cloninger‚ C.R.‚ Svrakic‚ D.M.‚ Przybeck‚ T.R.‚ (1993) . A psychobiological model of temperament and ch‎aracter. Arch. Gen. Psychiatry 50‚ 975– 990.

Cloninger‚ R.C.‚ Bayon‚ C.‚ Svrakic‚ D.M.‚ (1998). Measurement of temperament and ch‎aracter in mood disorders: a model of fundamental states as personality types. J. Affect. Disord. 51‚ 21–32.

Cloninger‚ R.C.‚ Przybeck‚ T.R.‚ Svrakic‚ D.M. et al.‚ (1994). The Temperament and ch‎aracter Inventory (TCI): A guide to its Development and Use. Center for Psychobiology of Personality‚ Washington University‚ St. Louis‚ MO.

Sher‚ K.‚ Wood‚ M.‚ Crews‚ T.‚ & Vandiver‚ V. (1995). The Tridimensional Personality Questionnaire: Reliability and validity studies and derivation of a Short Form. Psychological Assessment‚ 7(2)‚ 195-208.

Svrakic‚ D.‚ Whitehead‚ C.‚ Przybeck‚ T.‚ & Cloninger‚ C. (1993). Differential diagnosis of personality disorders by the Seven-Factor Model of Temperament and ch‎aracter. Archives of General Psychiatry‚ 50(12)‚ 991-999.

Anastasides‚ Nicole. (2012). Avoidance‚ Escape‚ and Approach Behavior in Individuals with High Behavioral Inhibition. Seton Hall University‚ ma‎ster of Science Theses.

Pournaghash Tehrani‚ S.‚ Besharat‚ M.A.‚ Abdoli Bidhendi‚ M.‚ Feizabadi‚ Z. (2009). Assessment of Novelty Seeking subscale of the Tridimensional Personality Questionnaire (TPQ) in drug- dependent and non- dependent individuals. Journal of Psychological Science. Volume 8. Issue 31. 335- 346.[ Farsi]