Luckow‚ Ladd‚ Spilka‚ McIntosh‚ Parks‚ et al.‚ 1997
1. When I pray alone‚ I have a ritual that I adhere to strictly.
2. Through deep pray I am able to know God better.
3. It is important to me to tell God about my sins or faults.
4. When I pray‚ I want to share my life with God.
5. I usually pray for God to make me a better person.
6. I pray to give thanks for all God has done for me.
7. When I feel guilty about something‚ it helps to tell God about it.
8. When God has answered my prayers‚ I usually give thanks.
9. My prayers are like rituals; they have a regular‚ orderly sequence.
10.I usually say a prayer before each meal.
11.I like to say prayers for people about whom I care very much.
12.I always pray before I go to sleep.
13.I must admit that I usually prayer to get something.
14.Confession is important to me because it helps me lead a more respectable life.
15.When I pray‚ I ask God for special favors.
16.Prayer helps me keep my life balanced and happy.
17.When I pray‚ I confess to God the things I should not have done.
18.Usually when I feel unable to help my loved ones‚ I ask God for help.
19.I ask God to help others when I am unable to.
20.When I pray‚ I have certain words of phrases that I repeat a number of times.
21.In my prayers I like to express my recognition for what God grants me.
22.Most of my prayers are for God to solve problems.
23.When I finish praying‚ I feel like a better person.
24.I pray for other people.
25.A morning prayer helps me cope with the world during the day.
26.Prayer is a way for me to connect with my inner spirit.
27.When I pray‚ I feel secure.
28.I pray daily.
Confession (Alpha .58 - .89)‚ Petition (Alpha .44 - .81)‚ Ritual (Alpha .68 – 80)‚ Meditate-improvement (Alpha .19 - .86)‚ Habitual (Alpha .67 - .88)‚ and Compassionate petition (Alpha.81 - .95)
1 = strongly disagree‚ 2 = moderately disagree‚ 3 = slightly disagree‚ 4 = slightly agree‚ 5 = moderately agree‚ 6 = strongly agree
Confession (5 items) 3‚ 4‚ 7‚ 14‚ 17
Petition (3 items) 13‚ 15‚ 22
Ritual (3 items) 1‚9‚20
Meditation-Improvement (5 items) 2‚ 16‚ 23‚ 26‚ 27
Habit (4 items) 10‚ 12‚ 25‚ 28
Compassionate Petition (8 items) 5‚ 6‚ 8‚ 11‚ 18‚ 19‚ 21‚ 24
Luckow‚ A.‚ Ladd‚ K. L.‚ Spilka‚ B.‚ McIntosh‚ D. N.‚ Parks‚ C.‚ & Laforett‚ D. (1997). The structure of prayer. In P. C. Hill & R. W. Hood (Eds.)‚ Measures of religiosity (pp. 70-72). Birmingham‚ AL: Religious Education Press.
de la Mora‚ Arlene Maria‚ (2004). "The God factor: the role of religious involvement on depression‚ health‚ and well-being ". Retrospective Theses and Dissertations. Paper 770.
Vasiliauskas‚ Sarah L. (2010). The Effects of a Prayer Intervention on the Process of Forgiveness. George Fox University. Doctoral Dissertation.