Social Provisions Scale (SPS)
Russell and Cutrona‚1984
1. There are people I know will help me if I really need it.
2. I do not have close relationships with other people.
3. There is no one I can turn to in times of stress.
4. There are people who call on me to help them.
5. There are people who like the same social activities I do.
6. Other people do not think I am good at what I do.
7. I feel responsible for taking care of someone else.
8. I am with a group of people who think the same way I do about things.
9. I do not think that other people respect what I do.
10.If something went wrong‚ no one would help me.
11.I have close relationships that make me feel good.
12.I have someone to talk to about decisions in my life.
13.There are people who value my skills and abilities.
14.There is no one who has the same interests and concerns as me.
15.There is no one who needs me to take care of them.
16.I have a trustworthy person to turn to if I have problems.
17.I feel a strong emotional tie with at least one other person.
18.There is no one I can count on for help if I really need it.
19.There is no one I feel comfortable talking about problems with.
20.There are people who admire my talents and abilities.
21.I do not have a feeling of closeness with anyone.
22.There is no one who likes to do the things I do.
23.There are people I can count on in an emergency.
24.No one needs me to take care of them There are people I can depend on to help me if I really need it.
1. I feel that I do not have close personal relationships with other people.
2. There is no one I can turn to for guidance with other people.
3. There are people who depend on me for help.
4. There are people who enjoy the same social activities I do.
5. Other people do not view me as competent.
6. I feel personally responsible for the well-being of another person.
7. I feel part of a group of people who share my attitudes and beliefs.
8. I do not think other people respect my skills and abilities.
9. If something went wrong‚ no one would come to my assistance.
10.I have close relationships that provide me with a sense of emotional security and well-being.
11.There is someone I could talk to about important decisions in my life.
12.I have relationships where my competence and skill are recognized.
13.There is no one who shares my interests and concerns.
14.There’s no one who really relies on me for their well-being.
15.There is a trust-worthy person I could turn to for advice if I were having problems.
16.I feel a strong emotional bond with at least one other person.
17.There is no one I can depend on for aid if I need it.
18.There is no one I feel comfortable talking about my problems with.
19.There are people who admire my talents and abilities.
20.I lack a feeling of intimacy with another person.
21.There is no one who likes to do the things I do.
22.There are people who I can count on in an emergency.
23.No one needs me to care for them.
Attachment‚ Social Integration‚ Reassurance of Worth‚ Reliable Alliance‚ Guidance‚ and Opportunity for Nurturance
1=Strongly Disagree‚ 2= Disagree‚ 3= Agree‚ 4=Strongly Agree
· Attachment: Items 2R‚ 11‚ 17‚ and 21R
· Social Integration: Items 5‚ 8‚ 14R‚ and 22R
· Reassurance of Worth: 6R‚ 9R‚ 13‚ and 20
· Reliable Alliance: Items 1‚ 10R‚ 18R‚ and 23
· Guidance: Items 3R‚ 12‚ 16‚ and 19R
· Opportunity for Nurturance: 4‚ 7‚ 15R‚ and 24R
Cutrona‚ Carolyn E. (1986). Behavioral manifestations of social support: A microanalytic investigation. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology‚ 51(1)‚ 201-208.
Cutrona‚ C. E.‚ & Russell‚ D. W. (1987). The Provisions of Social Relationships and Adaptation to Stress. Advances in Personal Relationships‚ 1‚ 37-67.
Nadel‚ Sarah. (2014). Developing a Social Support Measurement Instrument: A Methodological Approach to Measuring Undergraduate Perceptions of Social Support. Ohio State University. master of Arts Thesis.