Revised Children’s Manifest Anxiety Scale (RCMAS)

The Revised Children’s Manifest Anxiety Scale (RCMAS) is a self-report inventory designed to measure anxiety in children and adolescents ages 6 to 19. It is a revision of the Children’s Manifest Anxiety Scale (CMAS), which was developed in 1972.

The RCMAS consists of 37 items that assess three dimensions of anxiety:

  • Physiological Anxiety (items that assess physical symptoms of anxiety, such as sweating, nausea, and dizziness)
  • Worry/Oversensitivity (items that assess excessive worry and sensitivity to criticism)
  • Social Concerns/Concentration (items that assess anxiety in social situations and difficulty concentrating)

The RCMAS is scored on a 3-point scale, with 0 = “not true”, 1 = “sometimes true”, and 2 = “true”. The total score for the RCMAS is the sum of the scores for the three subscales. A higher score indicates a higher level of anxiety.

The RCMAS has been shown to be a reliable and valid measure of anxiety in children and adolescents. It has been used in a variety of settings, including schools, clinics, and research studies.

The RCMAS can be used to:

  • Screen for anxiety disorders
  • Assess the severity of anxiety symptoms
  • Monitor changes in anxiety over time
  • Evaluate the effectiveness of treatment for anxiety

The RCMAS is a valuable tool for mental health professionals who work with children and adolescents. It is a quick and easy way to assess anxiety, and it can be used to help children and their families get the help they need.

Here are some of the benefits of using the RCMAS:

  • It is a reliable and valid measure of anxiety.
  • It is easy to administer and score.
  • It is appropriate for children ages 6 to 19.
  • It can be used to screen for anxiety disorders, assess the severity of anxiety symptoms, and monitor changes in anxiety over time.
  • It can be used to evaluate the effectiveness of treatment for anxiety.

If you are concerned that your child may have an anxiety disorder, you can talk to your child’s doctor or a mental health professional. They can help you assess your child’s anxiety and recommend treatment options.

1. I have trouble making up my mind.
2. I get nervous when things do not go the right way for me.
3. Others seem to do things easier than I can.
4. I like everyone I know.
5. Often I have trouble getting my breath.
6. I worry a lot of the time.
7. I am afraid of a lot of things.
8. I am always kind.
9. I get mad easily.
10. I worry about what my parents will say to me.
11. I feel others do not like the way I do things.
12. I always have good manners.
13. It is hard for me to get to sleep at night.
14. I worry about what other people will think of me.
15. I feel alone even when there are people with me.
16. I am always good.
17. Often I feel sick in my stomach.
18. My feelings get hurt easily.
19. My hands feel sweaty.
20. I am always nice to everyone.
21. I am tired a lot.
22. I worry about what is going to happen.
23. Other children are happier than I.
24. I tell the truth every single time.
25. I have bad dreams.
26. My feelings get hurt easily when I am fussed at.
27. I feel someone will tell me I do things the wrong way.
28. I never get angry.
29. I wake up scared some of the time.
30. I worry when I go to bed at night.
31. It is hard for me to keep my mind on my school work.
32. I never say things I shouldn’t.
33. I wiggle in my seat a lot.
34. I am nervous.
35. A lot of people are against me.
36. I never lie.
37. I often worry about something bad happening to me.
Worry/ oversensitivity‚ Concentration anxiety and physiological anxiety
This instrument can be found on page 8 of “Factor Structure and Construct Validity of “What I Think and Feel”: The Revised Children’s Manifest Anxiety Scale.”‚ available online at:
Physiological contains 9 items (1‚ 5‚ 9‚ 13‚ 17‚ 21‚ 25‚ 29‚ and 33)
Oversensitivity contains 10 items (2‚ 6‚ 10‚ 14‚ 18‚ 22‚ 26‚ 30‚ 34‚ and 37)
Difficulty concentrating contains 9 its (3‚ 7‚ 11‚ 15‚ 19‚ 23‚ 27‚ 31‚ and 35)

Reynolds‚ C. R.‚ & Richmond‚ B. O. (1978). What I Think and Feel: A Revised measure ofChildren’s Manifest Anxiety. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology‚ 6‚ 271–280.

Reynolds‚ C. R.‚ & Richmond‚ B. O. (1994). Revised Children’s Manifest Anxiety Scale (RCMAS)Manual. Western Psychological Services‚ Los Angeles.