Nonphysical Aggression scale

Nonphysical Aggression Scale (NPAS) is a tool used to measure nonphysical aggression, such as verbal aggression, in individuals. It is a selfreport measure developed to assess the frequency of aggressive behaviors in a variety of settings. The NPAS is designed to measure nonphysical aggression in adults, adolescents, and children. The NPAS is comprised of 30 items that measure aggressive behaviors such as verbal threats, verbal insults, and verbal humiliation. The items are rated on a 4point scale ranging fromnever tovery often. The NPAS has been found to be reliable and valid in assessing nonphysical aggression in various populations. The NPAS has been used to study a variety of topics related to aggression. It has been used to examine the relationship between aggression and other variables such as gender, age, and ethnicity. It has also been used to study the effects of interventions aimed at reducing aggression. The NPAS has been found to be a useful tool for assessing nonphysical aggression. It is a reliable and valid measure that can be used to study the prevalence and correlates of nonphysical aggression in various populations. The NPAS can also be used to evaluate the effectiveness of interventions aimed at reducing aggressive behavior.

1. You argue a lot.

2. You brag.
3. You try to get a lot of attention.
4. You disobey your parents.
5. You disobey at school.
6. You don’t get along with other kids.
7. You are jealous of others.
8. You scream a lot.
9. You show off or clown.
10. You are stubborn.
11. You swear or use dirty language.
12. You tease others a lot.
13. You have a hot temper.
14. You threaten to hurt people.
15. You are louder than other kids.
16. You sulk or pout a lot.
These items measure non-physical aggressive behavior. Youth are asked about the extent to which they engage in 16 non-physical aggressive behaviors such as arguing‚ bragging‚ seeking attention‚ disobeying parents or teachers‚ not getting along with others‚ swearing‚ and sulking.
This tool touches on the following keywords:
·         Personal Attitudes and Beliefs
·         Peer Relationships
This instrument can be found on pages 184-185 of Measuring Violence-Related Attitudes‚ Behaviors‚ and Influences Among Youths: A Compendium of Assessment Tools‚ available online at: .
Has been used in previous research with elementary‚ middle‚ and high school students.
Not true=0
 Sometimes true =1
Very true=2
For the purposes of this construct‚ all positive responses are equivalent. Responses of 2 “very true” are recoded to 1 “sometimes true.” All scores are summed to derive a total. Higher scores indicate more aggressive behavior.

Loeber‚ R.‚ Farrington‚ D.P.‚ Stouthamer-Loeber‚ M.‚ & Van Kammen‚ W.B. (1998). Antisocial behavior and mental health problems: explanatory factors in childhood and adolescence. Mahwah‚ NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.