The Neighborhood Disorganization Scale is a tool used to measure the level of social disorganization in a particular neighborhood. It is based on the idea that neighborhoods with high levels of social disorganization are more likely to experience higher levels of crime, poverty, and other social problems. The scale consists of a set of questions that measure the presence of physical disorder, social disorder, and economic deprivation in a given neighborhood. The questions are designed to measure the level of physical disorder (such as graffiti, litter, and abandoned buildings), social disorder (such as drug dealing, gang activity, and public drunkenness), and economic deprivation (such as poverty and unemployment). The scale is designed to provide an overall measure of the level of social disorganization in a particular neighborhood. The scale can be used to compare different neighborhoods and to identify areas that may be in need of intervention.
Thornberry TP‚ Krohn MD‚ Lizotte AJ‚ Smith CA‚ Tobin K. Gangs and delinquency in developmentalperspective. New York: Cambridge University Press‚2003.