The Motives for Physical Activity Measure – Revised (MPAM-R) is a questionnaire intended to assess the strength of five motives for participating in physical activities such as weight lifting‚ aerobics‚ or various team sports. The five motives are: (1) Fitness‚ which refers to being physically active out of the desire to be physically healthy and to be strong and energetic; (2) Appearance‚ which refers to being physically active in order to become more physically attractive‚ to have defined muscles‚ to look better‚ and to achieve or maintain a desired weight; (3) Competence/Challenge‚ which refers to being physically active because of the desire just to improve at an activity‚ to meet a challenge‚ and to acquire new skills; (4) Social‚ which refers to being physically active in order to be with friends and meet new people; and (5) Enjoyment‚ which refers to being physically active just because it is fun‚ makes you happy‚ and is interesting‚ stimulating‚ and enjoyable. The scale has been used to predict various behavioral outcomes‚ such as attendance‚ persistence‚ or maintained participation in some sport or exercise activity‚ or to predict mental health and well-being. The different motives have been found to be associated with different outcomes.
The scale is a revision of an earlier measure by the same name‚ which was shorter and included only three motives (Frederick & Ryan‚ 1993). The longer version was introduced and validated by Ryan‚ Frederick‚ Lepes‚ Rubio‚ and Sheldon (1997).
Frederick‚ C. M.‚ & Ryan‚ R. M. (1993). Differences in motivation for sport and exercise and their relationships with participation and mental health. Journal of Sport Behavior‚ 16‚ 125-145.
Ryan‚ R. M.‚ Frederick‚ C. M.‚ Lepes‚ D.‚ Rubio‚ N.‚ & Sheldon‚ K. M. (1997). Intrinsic motivation and exercise adherence. International Journal of Sport Psychology‚ 28‚ 335-354.
Motives for Physical Activities Measure – Revised (MPAM-R)
The following is a list of reasons why people engage in physical activities‚ sports and exercise. Keeping in mind your primary physical activity/sport‚ respond to each question (using the scale given)‚ on the basis of how true that response is for you.
not at all
true for me
___ 1. Because I want to be physically fit.
___ 2. Because it’s fun.
___ 3. Because I like engaging in activities which physically challenge me.
___ 4. Because I want to obtain new skills.
___ 5. Because I want to look or maintain weight so I look better.
___ 6. Because I want to be with my friends.
___ 7. Because I like to do this activity.
___ 8. Because I want to improve existing skills.
___ 9. Because I like the challenge.
___ 10. Because I want to define my muscles so I look better.
___ 11. Because it makes me happy.
___ 12. Because I want to keep up my current skill level.
___ 13. Because I want to have more energy
___ 14. Because I like activities which are physically challenging.
___ 15. Because I like to be with others who are interested in this activity.
___ 16. Because I want to improve my cardiovascular fitness.
___ 17. Because I want to improve my appearance.
___ 18. Because I think it’s interesting.
___ 19. Because I want to maintain my physical strength to live a healthy life.
___ 20. Because I want to be attractive to others.
___ 21. Because I want to meet new people.
___ 22. Because I enjoy this activity.
___ 23. Because I want to maintain my physical health and well-being.
___ 24. Because I want to improve my body shape.
___ 25. Because I want to get better at my activity.
___ 26. Because I find this activity stimulating.
___ 27. Because I will feel physically unattractive if I don’t.
___ 28. Because my friends want me to.
___ 29. Because I like the excitement of participation.
___ 30. Because I enjoy spending time with others doing this activity.