Ellen Idler (2003)
1. It is easy for me to admit that I am wrong. (Mauger et al) 2. If I hear a sermon‚ I usually think about things that I have done wrong.(Mauger et al)
Forgiveness by God
3. I believe that God has forgiven me for things I have done wrong.
4. I believe that there are times when God has punished me.
Forgiveness by Others
5. I believe that when people say they forgive me for something I did they really mean it. (Mauger et al) 6. I often feel that no matter what I do now I will never make up for the mistakes I have made in the past. (Mauger et al)
Forgiveness of Others
7. I am able to make up pretty easily with friends who have hurt me in some way. (Mauger et al) 8. I have grudges which I have held onto for months or years. (Mauger et al)
Forgiveness of Oneself
9. I find it hard to forgive myself for some things that I have done. (Mauger et al) 10. I often feel like I have failed to live the right kind of life. (Mauger et al)
1. I have forgiven myself for things that I have done wrong.
2. I have forgiven those who hurt me.
3. I know that God forgives me.
Multidimensional Measurement of Religiousness/Spirituality for Use in Health Research: A Report of the Fetzer Institute/National Institute on Aging Working Group
1 - Always or almost always‚ 2 – Often‚ 3 – Seldom‚ 4 - Never
Mauger PA‚ Perry J‚ Freeman T‚ Grove D‚ McBridge A‚ McKinney K. The measurement of forgiveness: preliminary research. J Psychol Christianity. 1992;11:170-180.
Idler‚ E.‚ Musick‚ M. A.‚ Ellison‚ C. G. et al. (2003). Measuring multiple dimensions of religion and spirituality for health research: Conceptual background and findings from the 1998 General Social Survey. Research on Aging‚ 25‚ 327-365.
Idler‚ E. L‚ Ellison‚ C. G.‚ George‚ L. K.‚ Krause‚ N.‚ Levin‚ J.‚ Ory‚ M.‚ Pargament‚ K.‚ Powell‚ L.‚ Williams‚ D.‚ Gordon‚ L.‚ & Musick‚ M. A. (2004). Measuring multiple dimensions of religion and spirituality for health research: Conceptual background and findings from the 1998 General Social Survey. Research on Aging‚ 25‚ 327-365.