16-item Family Cohesion Scale
1. Family members are supportive of each other during difficult times.
2. I t was easier to discuss problems with people outside the family than with other family members. [R]
3. Our family gathers together in the same room.
4. Our family does things together.
5. In our family‚ everyone goes his/her own way. [R]
6. Family members know each other’s close friends.
7. Family members consult other family members on their decisions.
8. We have difficulty thinking of things to do as a family. [R]
9. Family members feel very close to each other.
10. Family members feel closer to people outside the family than to other family members. [R]
11. Family members go along with what the family decides to do.
12. Family members like to spend their free time with each other.
13. Family members avoid each other at home. [R]
14. Family members approve of each other’s friends.
15. Family members pair up rather than do things as a total family. [R]
16. Family members share interests and hobbies with each other.
[R] = Reverse coding8-item Family Cohesion Scale
8-item Family Cohesion Scale
1. I n the past month‚ family members were supportive of each other during difficult times.
2. Our family did things together.
3. Family members consulted other family members on their decisions.
4. Family members felt very close to each other.
5. Family members went along with what the family decided to do.
6. Family members liked to spend their free time with each other.
7. We approved of each other’s friends.
8. Family members shared interests and hobbies with each other.
20-item Family Cohesion Scale
1. Family members ask each other for help.
2. In solving problems‚ the children’s suggestions are followed.
3. We approve of each other’s friends.
4. Children have a say in their discipline.
5. We like to do things with just our immediate family.
6. Different persons act as leaders in our family.
7. Family members feel closer to other family members than to people outside the family.
8. Our family changes its way of handling tasks.
9. Family members like to spend free time with each other.
10.Parent(s) and children discuss punishment together.
11.Family members feel very close to each other.
12.The children make the decisions in our family.
13.When our family gets together for activities‚ everybody is present.
14.Rules change in our family.
15.We can easily think of things to do together as a family.
16.We shift household responsibilities from person to person.
17.Family members consult other family members on their decisions.
18.It is hard to identify the leader(s) in our family.
19.Family togetherness is very important.
20.It is hard to tell who does which household chores.
- Emotional bonding
- family boundaries
1 = Almost never or never
2 = Once in a while
3 = Sometimes
4 = A lot of the time (frequently)
5 = Almost always or always.
Olson‚ D. H.‚ Portner‚ J.‚ & Bell R. Q. (1982). FACES II: Family adaptability and cohesion evaluation scales. Family SocialScience‚ University of Minnesota‚ St Paul‚ Minnesota.
Gonzales‚ N. A.‚ Dumka‚ L. E.‚ Millsap‚ R. E.‚ Gottschall‚ A. McClain‚ D. B.‚ Wong‚ J. J. Germán‚ M.‚ Mauricio‚ A. M.‚ Wheeler‚ L.‚ Carpentier‚ F. D.‚ & Kim‚ S. Y. (2012). Randomized trial of a broad preventive intervention for Mexican American adolescents. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology‚ 80(1)‚ 1–16.