Abdominal Pain Beliefs Questionnaire (APBQ)

1. My stomach aches mean I have a serious illness
2. I’ll always have stomach aches
3. When I have a bad stomach ache‚ I can find ways to feel better
4. When I have a bad stomach ache‚ it usually lasts a long time
5. I get stomach aches all the time
6. When I have a bad stomach ache‚ I just can’t take it*
7. My stomach aches hurt a whole lot
8. I’m going to have stomach aches for the rest of my life
9. I know I can handle it no matter how bad my stomach hurts
10.Even though I get stomach aches‚ there’s nothing seriously wrong with me*
11.When I have a bad stomach ache‚ I can feel better if I decide to
12.I almost always have a stomach ache
13.My stomach aches don’t hurt very much*
14.I don’t think I’ll be able to stand it if I keep ha‎ving stomach aches*
15.I’ll still have stomach aches when I’m older
16.My stomach aches mean that I’m very sick
17.My stomach aches only last a few minutes
18.My stomach aches hurt worse than anything*
19.When I have a bad stomach ache‚ there are ways I can get it to stop
20.My stomach aches go on forever
21.When I have a bad stomach ache‚ nothing I try seems to help*
22.I only get stomach aches once in a while*
23.Things will be OK for me even if I keep ha‎ving stomach aches
24.My stomach aches are no big deal*
25.If I keep ha‎ving stomach aches‚ my life will be terrible*
26.My stomach aches go away quickly*
27.When I have a bad stomach ache‚ there’s not much I can do to feel better*
28.My stomach aches hurt really bad PF-EI
29.I can’t deal with it when I have a stomach ache*
30.I always get stomach aches
31.When I have a bad stomach ache‚ I can’t seem to make it better*
32.I’ll stop ha‎ving stomach aches soon*
فرم کوتاه
Short Form
Stone and Walker et al‚ 2016
1. When I have a bad stomach ache‚ I can find ways to feel better
2. I get stomach aches all the time
3. When I have a bad stomach ache‚ I just can’t take it
4. My stomach aches hurt a whole lot
5. I’m going to have stomach aches for the rest of my life
6. I know I can handle it no matter how bad my stomach hurts
7. When I have a bad stomach ache‚ I can feel better if I decide to
8. I don’t think I’ll be able to stand it if I keep ha‎ving stomach aches
9. My stomach aches mean that I’m very sick
10.My stomach aches hurt worse than anything
11.When I have a bad stomach ache‚ there are ways I can get it to stop
12.My stomach aches go on forever
13.When I have a bad stomach ache‚ nothing I try seems to help
14.Things will be OK for me even if I keep ha‎ving stomach aches
15.If I keep ha‎ving stomach aches‚ my life will be terrible
16.When I have a bad stomach ache‚ there’s not much I can do to feel better
17.I can’t deal with it when I have a stomach ache
18.When I have a bad stomach ache‚ I can’t seem to make it better
0=Not at all true‚ 1=A little true‚ 2=Some true‚ 3= Mostly true‚ 4= Very true

Long form
Primary Coping Appraisals: Condition-duration (CD) 2‚ 8‚ 15‚ 32 (Reverse code: 32); Condition–frequency (CF) 5‚ 12‚ 22‚ 30 (Reverse code: 22); Condition- Seriousness (CS) 1‚ 10‚ 16‚ 24 (Reverse code: 10 & 24); Episode–duration (ED) 4‚ 17‚ 20‚ 26 (Reverse code: 17 & 26); Episode–intensity (EI) 7‚ 13‚ 18‚ 28 (Reverse code: 13)
Secondary Coping Appraisals: Problem-focused coping potential (PFCP) 3‚ 11‚ 19‚ 21‚ 27‚ and 31 (Reverse code: 21‚ 27‚ & 31); Emotion focused coping potential (EFCP) 6‚ 9‚ 14‚ 23‚ 25‚ and 29 (Reverse code: 6‚ 14‚ 25‚ & 29)
Short form
Reverse cod: 3‚ 8‚ 13‚ 15‚ 16‚ 17‚ and 18; Problem-Focused Coping Efficacy (1‚ 7‚ 11‚ 13‚ 16‚ 18)‚ Emotion-Focused Coping Efficacy (3‚ 6‚ 8‚ 14‚ 15‚ 17)‚ Pain Threat (2‚ 4‚ 5‚ 9‚ 10‚ 12)

 

This instrument can be found at: https://www.childrenshospital.vanderbilt.org/uploads/documents/PBQ_Info_Sheet.pdf & https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5032835/

Lazarus‚ R.S.‚ Folkman‚ S. (1984). Stress‚ Appraisal‚ and Coping. Springer Publishing Company; New York

Walker‚ L. S.‚ Garber‚ J.‚ & Greene‚ J. W. (1993). Psychosocial correlates of recurrent childhood pain: A comparison of pediatric patients with recurrent abdominal pain‚ organic illness‚ and psychiatric disorders. Journal of Abnormal Psychology‚ 102‚ 248–258.

Van Slyke‚ D.A. (2001). Maternal influences on children’s pain behavior. Doctoral dissertation‚ Dissertation Abstracts International‚ 63-2B‚ 1103.

Walker‚ L. S.‚ Smith‚ C. A.‚ Garber‚ J.‚ & Claar‚ R. L. (2005). Testing a model of pain appraisal and coping in children with chronic abdominal pain. Health Psychology‚ 24‚ 364 – 374.

Van Slyke‚ D. A.‚ & Walker‚ L. S. (2006). Mothers’ responses to children’s pain. Clinical Journal of Pain‚ 22‚ 387-391.

Walker‚ L. S.‚ Baber‚ K.F.‚ Garber‚ J.‚ Smith‚ C. A. (2008). A typology of pain coping strategies in pediatric patients with chronic abdominal pain. Pain‚ 137‚ 266–275.

Stone‚ Amanda L.‚ Walker‚ Lynn S.‚ Laird‚ Kelsey T.‚ Shirkey‚ Kezia C.‚ and Smith‚ Craig A.‚ (2016). Pediatric Pain Beliefs Questionnaire: Psychometric Properties of the Short Form. J Pain‚ 17(9): 1036–1044. doi:10.1016/j.jpain.2016.06.006

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