1. During the last year‚ did you get poor grades on your report card?
2. During the last year‚ have you gotten into trouble with a teacher or principal at school?
3. During the last year‚ did you get suspended from school?
4. During the last year‚ did your family move to a new home or apartment?
5. During the last year‚ has your family had a new baby come into the family?
6. During the last year‚ has anyone moved out of your home?
7. During the last year‚ did a family member die?
8. During the last year‚ did another close relative or friend die?
9. During the last year‚ has a family member become seriously ill‚ injured badly‚ and/or had to stay at the hospital?
10. During the last year‚ has someone else you know‚ other than a member of your family‚ gotten beaten‚ attacked or really hurt by others?
11. During the last year‚ have you seen anyone beaten‚ shot or really hurt by someone?
12. In the past year‚ did you change where you went to school?
13. During the last year‚ have you seen or been around people shooting guns?
14. During the last year‚ have you been afraid to go outside and play‚ or have your parents made you stay inside because of gangs or drugs in your neighborhood?
15. During the last year‚ have you had to hide someplace because of shootings in your neighborhood?
(This scale originally had 23 items‚ but 8 were dropped in the adaptation by Attar‚ et al.‚ 1994.)
- Life Transitions
- Circumscribed Events
- School Problems
Point values are assigned as follows: Yes = 1; No = 0. This measure has five subscales‚ with the score of each subscale calculated by summing the responses to the items and dividing by the total number of items. The five subscales are:
Hassles: Includes items 1‚ 2‚ 13‚ 14 and 15. A higher score indicates greater exposure to daily life hassles during the past year.
Life Transitions: Includes items 4‚ 5‚ 6 and 12. A higher score indicates greater exposure to life transitions during the past year.
Circumscribed Events: Includes items 3‚ 7‚ 8‚ 9‚ 10 and 11. A higher score indicates greater exposure to discrete stressful events during the past year.
Violence: Includes items 10‚ 11‚ 13‚ 14 and 15. A higher score indicates greater exposure to violence during the past year.
School Problems: Includes items 1‚ 2 and 3. A higher score indicates greater experience with school problems during the past year..
Tolan PH‚ Miller L‚ Thomas P. Perception and experience of types of social stress and self-imageamong adolescents. Journal of Youth andAdolescence 1988;17(2):147-163.
Attar BK‚ Guerra NG‚ Tolan PH. Neighborhood disadvantage‚ stressful life events‚ and adjustment inurban elementary-school children. Special issue:impact of poverty on children‚ youth‚ and families.Journal of Clinical Child Psychology1994:23(4):391-400