Family Support Scale (FSS)

How helpful has each of the following been to you in terms of raising yourchild(ren)?
Sources of support
1.    My parents
2.    My partner/spouse’s parents
3.    My relatives/kin
4.    Partner/spouse
5.    spouse’s relatives
6.    My friends
7.    My partner/spouse’s friends
8.    My own friends [children]
9.    Other parents
11.Parent groups
12.Social groups/clubs
13.Place of worship/Religious organizations
14.My family or child’s doctor       
15.Professional helpers (social workers‚ therapists‚ etc.)                             
16.Professional agencies (public health‚ mental health‚ social services‚ etc.)             
17.School/day-care centers          
18.Early intervention programmes
Informal kinship‚ social organizations‚ formal kinship‚ nuclear family‚ specialized professional services‚ and general professional services.
Formal kinship‚ informal kinship‚ social groups‚ professionals‚ and professional group
familial‚ spousal‚ social‚ and professional
NA- not available. 1= not helpful at all‚ 2= sometimes helpful‚ 3= generally helpful‚ 4=very helpful‚ 5= extremely helpful
This instrument can be found at:

Dunst‚ C. J.‚ Jenkins‚ V.‚ & Trivette‚ C. M. (1984). The Family Support Scale: Reliability and validity. Journal of Individual‚ Family and Community Wellness‚ 1‚ 45-52.

Dunst‚ C.J.‚ & Leet‚ H.E. (1985). Family Resource Scale. Morganton‚ NC: Western Carolina Center.

Dunst‚ C. J.‚ & Trivette‚ C. M. (1986). Family Support Scale: Supplemental Scoring Instructions. Morganton‚ NC: Western Carolina Center

Dunst‚ C.J.‚ Leet‚ H.E.‚ & Trivette‚ C.M. (1988). Family resources‚ personal well-being‚ and early intervention. The Journal of Special Education‚ 22‚ 108-116.

Dunst‚ C. J.‚ Jenkins‚ V.‚ & Trivette‚ C. M. (1988). Family Support Scale. In C. J. Dunst‚ C. M. Trivette‚ and A. G. Deal (Eds.)‚ Enabling and empowering families: Principles andguidelines for practice (pp. 153-174). Cambridge‚ MA: Brookline Books.

Dunst C. J.‚ Trivette C. M. & Hamby D. W. (1994). Measuringsocial support in families with young children withdisabilities. In: Supporting and Strengthening Families‚Vol. 1L: Methods‚ Strategies‚ and Practices (eds C. J. Dunst‚ C. M. Trivette & A. G. Deal)‚ pp. 152– 160. BrooklineBooks‚ Cambridge.