Drinking Motive Questionnaire (DMQ)

Drinking Motive Questionnaire (DMQ)
Cooper‚ 1994
 
YOU DRINK ...
1.    To forget your worries.
2.    Because your friends pressure you to drink.
3.    Because it helps you enjoy a party.
4.    Because it helps you when you feel depressed or nervous.
5.    To be sociable.
6.    To cheer up when you are in a bad mood.
7.    Because you like the feeling.
8.    So that others won’t kid you about not drinking
9.    Because it’s exciting.
10.To get high.
11.Because it makes social gatherings more fun.
12.To fit in with a group you like.
13.Because it gives you a pleasant feeling.
14.Because it improves parties and celebrations.
15.Because you feel more self-confident and sure of yourself.
16.To celebrate a special occasion with friends.
17.To forget about your problems.
18.Because it’s fun.
19.To be liked.
20.So you won’t feel left out.
Enhancement (7‚ 9‚ 10‚ 13‚ 18)‚ Social (3‚5‚ 11‚ 14‚ 16)‚ Conformity (2‚ 8‚ 12‚ 19‚ 20)‚ and Coping (1‚ 4‚ 6‚ 15‚ 17)
 
How often did you drink…..
1.    because it’s fun?
2.    because it makes you feel good?
3.    because you like the feeling?
4.    to forget your worries?
5.    because you feel more self-confident or sure of yourself?
6.    because it helps when you feel depressed or nervous?
7.    to cheer up when you’re in a bad mood?
8.    as a way to celebrate?
9.    because it is what most of your friends do when you get together?
10.to be sociable?
11.because it is customary on special occasions?
12.because it makes a social gathering more enjoyable?
13.to relax?
14.to get high?
1.    How often do you drink because it helps you enjoy a party?
2.    How often do you drink because you like the feeling?
3.    How often would you say you drink to be sociable'?
4.    How often do you drink to forget your worries?
5.    How often do you drink because it makes social gatherings more fun?
6.    How often do you drink because it helps you when you feel depressed or nervous?
7.    How often do you drink to cheer up when you’re in a bad mood?
8.    How often do you drink because your friends pressure you to drink?
9.    How often do you drink because it's fun?
10.How often do you drink because it's exciting?
11.How often do you drink because it Improves parties and celebrations?
12.How often do you drink so that others won’t kid you about not drinking?
13.How often do you drink to get high?
14.How often do you drink to celebrate a special occasion with friends?
15.How often do you drink because you feel more self-confident or sure of yourself?
16.How often do you drink so you won't feel left out?
17.How often do you drink to forget about your problems?
18.How often do you drink because it gives you a pleasant feeling?
19.How often would you say you drink to fit in with a group you like?
20.How often do you drink to be liked?
Enhancement (2‚ 9‚ 10‚ 13‚ 18)‚ Social (1‚ 3‚ 5‚ 11‚ 14)‚ Conformity (8‚ 12‚ 16‚ 19‚ 20)‚ and Coping (4‚ 6‚ 7‚ 15‚ 17)
Enhancement‚ social‚ conformity‚ and coping motives
 
1 = never‚ 2= almost never‚ 3= some of the time‚ 4= about half of the time‚ 5= most of the time‚ 6= almost always
Enhancement (2‚ 9‚ 10‚ 13‚ 18)‚ Social (1‚ 3‚ 5‚ 11‚ 14)‚ Conformity (8‚ 12‚ 16‚ 19‚ 20)‚ and Coping (4‚ 6‚ 7‚ 15‚ 17)
 
This instrument can be found at: https://www.psytoolkit.org/survey-library/alcohol-dmq-r.html & Fischer‚ Joel.‚ Corcoran‚ Kevin J. (2007). Measures for Clinical Practice and research: A sourcebook. (4th ed.). NY. Oxford University Pr. Vol. 1‚ Page (s): 507-509.
 

Cooper‚ M. L. (1994). Motivations for Alcohol Use Among Adolescents: Development and Validation of a Four-Factor Model. Psychological Assessment‚ 6(2)‚ 117-128.

Kuntsche‚ E‚ Knibbe‚ R.‚ Gmel‚ G‚ Engels‚ R (2006). Replication and Validation of the Drinking Motive Questionnaire Revised (DMQ-R‚ Cooper‚ 1994) among Adolescents in Switzerland. European Addiction Research‚ 12‚ 161-168.

Cooper‚ M. L. (1994). Drinking Motive Questionnaire (DMQ). In Fischer‚ Joel.‚ Corcoran‚ Kevin J. (2007). Measures for Clinical Practice and research: A sourcebook. (4th ed.). NY. Oxford University Pr. Vol. 1‚ Page (s): 507-509.

Kuntsche‚ E.‚ and Kuntsche‚ S. (2009). Development and validation of the Drinking Motive Questionnaire Revised Short Form (DMQ-R SF). Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology‚ 38‚ 899-908.

Gilson‚ K.-M.‚ Bryant‚ C.‚ Bei‚ B.‚ Komiti‚ A.‚ Jackson‚ H. & Judd‚ F.‚ (2013). Validation of the Drinking Motives Questionnaire (DMQ) in older adults. Addictive Behaviors (2013)‚ doi: 10.1016/j.addbeh.2013.01.021