Copenhagen Psychosocial Questionnaire- (COPSOQ I)

COPSOQ I
QUANTITATIVE DEMANDS:
a.    Do you have to work very fast? [A] +*
b.    Is your workload unevenly distributed so it piles up? [A] +*
c.    How often do you not have time to complete all your work tasks? [A] +*
d.    Do you get behind with your work? [A]
e.    How often can you take it easy and still do your work? [A]
f.     Do you have enough time for your work tasks? [A]
g.    Do you have to do overtime? [A]+
h.    Do you have too little to do at work? [A]
Later analyses have shown theoretical and practical problems with this scale (Differential Item Function). We now propose a new scale (items b‚ d‚ e‚ f) for the long as well as the medium version. Work pace could be measured with item a. Overtime should be measured independently and not be part of a scale.
COGNITIVE DEMANDS:
·         Do you have to keep your eyes on lots of things while you work? [A]+
·         Does your work require that you remember a lot of things? [A]+
·         Does your work demand that you are good at coming up with new ideas? [A]+
·         Does your work require you to make quick decisions? [A]
·         Does your work require you to make difficult decisions? [A]+
·         Do you have to make decisions of great importance to your place of work? [A]
·         Do you have a responsible job? [A]
·         Does your work require a wide knowledge? [B]
·         How often do you have to deal with difficult problems in your work? [A]
EMOTIONAL DEMANDS:
·         Does your work put you in emotionally disturbing situations? [A]+*
·         Is your work emotionally demanding? [B]+
·         Do you get emotionally involved in your work? [B]+*
·         Does your work require that you get personally involved? [B]
DEMANDS FOR HIDING EMOTIONS:
·         Does your work require that you do not state your opinion? [A]+
·         Does your work require that you hide your feelings? [B]+*
SENSORIAL DEMANDS:
·         Does your work demand a great deal of concentration? [A]
·         Does your work require that you have very clear and precise eyesight? [A]+
·         Does your work require that you have to control your movements‚ e.g. your arms and hands consciously? [A]+
·         Does your work demand your constant attention? [A]+
·         Does your work require a high level of precision? [A]+
·         Does your work require that you listen carefully to noises from a machine‚ a process‚ or a conversation? [A]
DEMANDS FOR RESPONSIBILITY AT WORK
·         Could it injure other people if you make mistakes in your work? [A]
·         Could it cause financial losses if you make mistakes in your work? [A]
·         Does your work affect the well-being of others? [A]
INFLUENCE AT WORK
·         Do other people make decisions concerning your work? [A]
·         Do you have a large degree of influence concerning your work? [A]+*
·         Can you influence how quickly you work? [A]
·         Do you have a say in choosing who you work with? [A]+
·         Can you influence the amount of work assigned to you? [A]+*
·         Do you have any influence on when you work? [A]
·         Do you have any influence on HOW you do your work? [A]+*
·         Do you have any influence on WHAT you do at work? [A]
·         Do you have any influence on your work environment? [A]
·         Can you influence the quality of your work? [A]
POSSIBILITIES FOR DEVELOPMENT
·         Is your work varied? [A]+
·         Does your work demand a high level of skill or expertise? [A]
·         Do you have to do the same thing over and over again? [A]
·         Does your work require you to take the initiative? [B]+*
·         Do you have the possibility of learning new things through your work? [B]+*
·         Can you use your skills or expertise in your work? [B]+
·         Does your work give you the opportunity to develop your skills? [B]
DEGREE OF FREEDOM AT WORK
·         Can you decide when to take a break? [A]+*
·         Can you take holidays more or less when you wish? [A]+
·         Can you leave your work to have a chat with a colleague? [A]+
·         If you have some private business‚ is it possible for you to leave your place of work for half an hour without special permission? [A]+
MEANING OF WORK
·         Is your work meaningful? [B]+*
·         Do you feel that the work you do is important? [B]+*
·         Do you feel motivated and involved in your work? [B]+
·         Is your work useful to the recipients? [B]
·         Is your work part of a larger whole? [B]
COMMITMENT TO THE WORKPLACE
·         Would you like to stay at your current place of work for the rest of your working life? [B]+*
·         Do you enjoy telling others about your place of work? [B]+
·         Do you feel that the problems at your place of work are yours too? [B]+
·         Do you feel that your place of work is of great personal importance to you? [B]+*
PREDICTABILITY
·         At your place of work‚ are you informed well in advance concerning for example important decisions‚ changes‚ or plans for the future? [B]+*
·         Do you receive all the information you need in order to do your work well? [B]+*
·         Do you often receive contradictory information at work? [B]
ROLE-CLARITY
·         Do you know exactly how much say you have at work? [B]+
·         Does your work have clear objectives? [B]+
·         Do you know exactly which areas are your responsibility? [B]+
·         Do you know exactly what is expected of you at work? [B]+
ROLE-CONFLICTS
·         Do you do things at work‚ which are accepted by some people but not by others? [B]+
·         Are contradictory demands placed on you at work? [B]+
·         Do you sometimes have to do things‚ which ought to have been done in a different way? [B]+
·         Do you sometimes have to do things‚ which seem to you to be unnecessary? [B]+
QUALITY OF LEADERSHIP
To what extent would you say that your immediate superior….
–       appreciates the staff and shows consideration for the individual? [B]
–       makes sure that the individual member of staff has good development opportunities? [B]+
–       gives high priority to further training and personnel planning? [B]
–       gives high priority to job satisfaction? [B]+
–       is good at work planning? [B]+*
–       is good at allocating the work? [B]
–       is good at solving conflicts? [B]+*
–       is good at communicating with the staff? [B]
SOCIAL SUPPORT
·         How often do you get help and support from your colleagues? [A] +*
·         How often are your colleagues willing to listen to your work related problems? [A]+
·         How often do you get help and support from your immediate superior? [A]+*
·         How often is your immediate superior willing to listen to your work related problems? [A]+
FEEDBACK AT WORK
·         How often does your superior talk with you about how well you carry out your work? [A]+*
·         How often do your colleagues talk with you about how well you carry out your work? [A]+*
SOCIAL RELATIONS
·         Do you work isolated from your colleagues? [A]+
·         Is it possible for you to talk to your colleagues while you are working? [A]+
·         How many at your place of work can you talk to about something personal‚ which is important to you? (Number of persons___________)
·         Are you part of a group in your work? [A]
SENSE OF COMMUNITY
·         Is there a good atmosphere between you and your colleagues? [A]+
·         Is there good co-operation between the colleagues at work? [A]+*
·         Do you feel part of a community at your place of work? [A]+*
INSECURITY AT WORK
Are you worried about……
–       becoming unemployed? (yes‚ no) +*
–       new technology making you redundant? (yes‚ no)+*
–       it being difficult for you to find another job if you became unemployed? (yes‚ no) +*
–       being transferred to another job against your will? (yes‚ no) +*
–       ha‎ving to give up your job for health reasons? (yes‚ no)
JOB SATISFACTION
Regarding your work in general. How pleased are you with…
–       your work prospects? [C] +*
–       the people you work with? [C]
–       the physical working conditions? [C] +*
–       the way your department is run? [C]
–       the way your abilities are used? [C] +*
–       the interest and skills involved in your job? [C]
–       your job as a whole‚ everything taken into consideration? [C] +*
–       your usual take home pay? [C]
GENERAL HEALTH
·         In general‚ would you say your health is: [D] +*
How TRUE or FALSE is each of the following statements for you?
·         I seem to get sick a little easier than other people. [E] +
·         I am as healthy as anybody I know. [E] +
·         I expect my health to get worse. [E] +
·         My health is excellent. [E] +
MENTAL HEALTH
These questions are about how you feel and how things have been with you during the past 4 weeks. For each question‚ please give the one answer that comes closest to the way you have been feeling. How much of the time during the past 4 weeks –
–       have you been a very nervous person? [G] +*
–       have you felt so down in the dumps that nothing could cheer you up? [G] +*
–       have you felt calm and peaceful? [G] +*
–       have you felt downhearted and blue? [G] +*
–       have you been a happy person? [G] +*
VITALITY
These questions are about how you feel and how things have been with you during the past 4 weeks. For each question‚ please give the one answer that comes closest to the way you have been feeling. How much of the time during the past 4 weeks –
–       did you feel full of pep? [G] +*
–       did you have a lot of energy? [G] +*
–       did you feel worn out? [G] +*
–       did you feel tired? [G] +*
BEHAVIOURAL STRESS
Please consider each of the following statements and indicate how well the descriptions fit your situation during the past 4 weeks!
·         I have not wanted to speak with anyone/have been withdrawn. [F]
·         I have not been able to stand dealing with other people. [F] +
·         I have not had the time to relax or enjoy myself. [F] +
·         I have found it difficult to be happy. [F]
·         I have eaten for comfort. [F]
·         I have been a bit touchy. [F] +
·         I have lacked initiative. [F] +
·         I have felt harassed. [F]
SOMATIC STRESS
How much of the time during the past 4 weeks have you –
–       had stomach ache or stomach problems? [A] +
–       had a tight chest or chest pains? [A] +
–       had palpitations? [A]
–       been short of breath? [A]
–       been dizzy? [A] +
–       had tension in various muscles? [A] +
–       had a tendency to sweat? [A]
COGNITIVE STRESS
How much of the time during the past 4 weeks have you –
–       had problems concentrating? [A] +
–       had difficulty in taking decisions? [A] +
–       had difficulty with remembering? [A] +
–       found it difficult to think clearly? [A] +
SENSE OF COHERENCE
·         (How do you see yourself?) I believe I can cope with most situations in life. ([F]
·         So far‚ I have not had any clear direction or purpose in life. ([F]
·         I do not feel that I am able to influence my future to any great extent. ([F]
·         I feel that what I do in my daily life is meaningful. ([F]
·         Often things happen around me that I do not understand. ([F]
·         I feel that I have a great deal to live for. ([F]
·         I know what I ought to do in my life‚ but I do not believe that I am able to do it. ([F]
·         It is difficult for me to see how different pieces in my life are connected. ([F]
·         I feel I understand most of what is going on in my everyday life. ([F]
PROBLEM FOCUSED COPING
What do you usually do when problems arise at work?
·         Do you try to find out what you can do to solve the problem? [A]
·         Do you do anything to solve the problem? [A]
·         Do you refer to a person you think can solve the problem? [A]
·         Do you speak with one of your colleagues about your feelings? [A]
se‎lectIVE COPING
What do you usually do when problems arise at work?
·         Do you try to think of something else or do something you like? [A]
·         Do you concentrate on aspects of your work where there are no problems? [A]
·         Do you tell yourself that it could be much worse? [A]
·         Do you try to see the funny side of the situation? [A]
RESIGNING COPING
What do you usually do when problems arise at work?
·         Do you accept the situation because there is nothing to do about it anyway? [A]
·         Do you carry on working and pretend the problem doesn’t exist? [A]
Questions that were not used in the final questionnaire:
·         Are the objectives of your place of work clear and well known? [B]
·         Do you have the facilities‚ methods‚ and “tools” you need in your daily work? [B]
·         Do you think that the technology and other “tools of the trade” operate satisfactorily? [B]
·         How often do you get support from your un‎ion representative? [A]
What best describes your relationship to the management at your place of work?
1.    The management and I have a joint interest in the running of the business
2.    The management and I have a joint interests to a certain extent
3.    The management and I have no joint interests 4. No management
How often do difficult problems arise in your work? [A]
Are there enough employees at your place at work to get the job done?
1.    Much too many employees
2.    Slightly too many employees
3.    Just right
4.    Slightly too few employees
5.    Much too few employees
+ Items at medium version
* Items at short version
 
[A] Always; Often; Sometimes; Seldom; Never/hardly ever
[B] To a very large extent; To a large extent; Somewhat; To a small extent; To a very small extent
[C] Very satisfied; Satisfied; Unsatisfied; Very unsatisfied; Not relevant
[D] Excellent; Very good; Good; Fair; Poor
[E] Definitely true‚ Mostly true‚ Don´t know‚ Mostly false‚ Definitely false
[F] Correct‚ Almost correct‚ Somewhat correct‚ Only slightly correct‚ Incorrect)
[G] All of the time‚ Most of the time‚ A good bit of the time‚ Some of the time‚ A little of the time‚ None of the time)
 
 

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Pejtersen‚ J. H.‚ Kristensen‚ T.S. (2009). The development of the psychosocial work environment in Denmark from 1997 to 2005.  Scandinavian Journal of Public Health 35(4)‚ 284–93.

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Rugulies‚ R.‚ Aust‚ B.‚ Pejtersen‚ J. H. (2010). Do psychosocial work environment factors measured with scales from the COPSOQ predict register-based sickness absence of 3 weeks or more in Denmark? Scandinavian Journal of Public Health‚ 38(Suppl 3)‚ 42–50.

Thorsen‚ S. V.‚ Bjorner‚ J. B. (2010). Reliability of the Copenhagen Psychosocial Questionnaire. Scandinavian Journal of Public Health‚ 38(3 Suppl)‚25-32. doi: 10.1177/1403494809349859.