The vulnerability-stress model (also known as stress-vulnerability model) is an examination of what causes psychiatric illness and what makes some people more vulnerable to psychiatric illnesses than others. It is generally agreed that stress levels are the most important factor but that stress interacts differently in persons that already have an emotional predisposition (genetics, prenatal nutrition and stress, birth complications, and early experiences in childhood) and/or a genetic predisposition (bipolar disorder, major depression, schizophrenia, or anxiety disorders) to a psychiatric illness.
Added into this model is the influence that drug and alcohol use can have when added to stress levels and predispositions along with coping skills, social support, and participation in meaningful activities such as work, parenting, school, and home life.
This content is licensed under a CC-BY license. The CC-BY licenses grant rights of use the scales in your studies (the measurement instrument and its documentation), but do not replace copyright. This remains with the copyright holder, and you have to cite us as the source.
Mohammed Looti, PSYCHOLOGICAL SCALES (2023) Vulnerability-Stress Model (aka Stress-Vulnerability Model). Retrieved from https://scales.arabpsychology.com/terms/vulnerability-stress-model-aka-stress-vulnerability-model/. DOI: 10.13140/RG.2.2.31575.96163