In psychology, sets are expectations about experiences that make individuals more likely to behave in a certain way based on past experiences. These expectations make individuals more likely to notice or perceive certain types of information.
One example is a perceptual set which is an expectation to see or perceive something based on prior experience. Another example is a mental set which is the tendency for individuals to approach problems using only solutions that have worked in the past.
An example of a mental set would be attempting to fix a friend’s computer by using methods that have always worked on yours without considering their computer is a different brand and has a different operating system that doesn’t work the same way.
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Mohammed Looti, PSYCHOLOGICAL SCALES (2023) Set. Retrieved from https://scales.arabpsychology.com/terms/set/. DOI: 10.13140/RG.2.2.31575.96163