Schematic Model Of Dispositional Attribution

The schematic model of dispositional attribution is a social psychology concept in which individuals perceiving another person with a trait are more likely to believe that person will attempt, complete, and emit behaviors consistent with the particular trait. The perceiver underestimates situational factors that the person is experiencing which increases their perception of dispositional factors. It’s a mentality of confirmation that behavioral constraint is irrelevant because the individual ‘would have done it anyways.’ This is used to promote stereotypes and prejudiced thinking by believing stereotypically negative behaviors are going to happen even if they don’t.

For example, you have a friend who is VERY loud in most settings whether it is a sports game or chatting with a few friends. If you decide not to invite this friend to an event that requires being very quiet (a serious movie, meditation event, yoga class, etc) because you feel they would be very loud you would be using a dispositional attribution.