the blocking of the ability to conceive, wherein, the biological fertilization of the woman’s egg by the man’s sperm is made to be unlikely or not possible.

CONTRACEPTION: “Even with the use of contraception, pregnancy is not 100% ruled out.”

This content is licensed under a CC-BY license. The CC-BY licenses grant rights of use the scales in your studies (the measurement instrument and its documentation), but do not replace copyright. This remains with the copyright holder, and you have to cite us as the source.

Mohammed Looti, PSYCHOLOGICAL SCALES (2023) CONTRACEPTION. Retrieved from DOI: 10.13140/RG.2.2.31575.96163