noun. Challenging or irregular expelling of fecal matter. The average occurrence of such in humans ranges from three times daily to once every three days. The cause may be of psychogenic or diseased natures, or of material blockage.

CONSTIPATION: “Constipation had taken it’s toll on Jerry for four days and he finally sought his doctor’s advice on the issue.”


This content is licensed under a CC-BY license. The CC-BY licenses grant rights of use the scales in your studies (the measurement instrument and its documentation), but do not replace copyright. This remains with the copyright holder, and you have to cite us as the source.

Mohammed Looti, PSYCHOLOGICAL SCALES (2023) CONSTIPATION. Retrieved from DOI: 10.13140/RG.2.2.31575.96163