Touch Apprehension Scale
Richmond‚ & McCroskey‚ 2004
1. I don't mind if I am hugged as a sign of friendship.
2. I enjoy touching others.
3. I seldom put my arms around others.
4. When I see people hugging‚ it bothers me.
5. People should not be uncomfortable about being touched.
6. I really like being touched by others.
7. I wish I were free to show my emotions by touching others.
8. I do not like touching other people.
9. I do not like being touched by other people.
10.I find it enjoyable to be touched by others.
11.I dislike having to hug others.
12.Hugging and touching should be outlawed.
13.Touching others is a very important part of my personality.
14.Being touched by others makes me uncomfortable.
Strongly Disagree = 1; Disagree = 2; are Neutral = 3; Agree = 4; Strongly Agree = 5
Scoring: To determine the score on the Touch Apprehension Scale‚ complete the following steps:
Step 1. Add scores for items 1‚ 2‚ 5‚ 6‚ 7‚ 10‚ and 13
Step 2. Add the scores for items 3‚ 4‚ 8‚ 9‚ 11‚ 12‚ and 14
Step 3. Complete the following formula: Score = 42 + Total from Step 1 - Total from Step 2
Score should be between 14 & 70
Scores > 50 indicate a high touch orientation (Approacher). Scores < 30 indicate a low touch orientation (Avoider). Scores between 40 and 50 indicate no strong touch orientation-amount of touch will typically be that of the general culture.
This instrument can be found at: http://www.jamescmccroskey.com/measures/touch_app.htm
Richmond‚ V. P.‚ & McCroskey‚ J. C. (2004). Nonverbal behavior in interpersonal relations (5th Ed.). Boston‚ MA: Allyn & Bacon.