Perception of Problem Behavior—Pittsburgh Youth Study

Is it all right for you …
1. To miss school if you are not sick?
2. To keep things that you find in the street?
3. To yell and argue to solve a conflict?
4. To carry matches or a lighter with you?
5. To choose your own friends‚ even if your parents don’t like them?
6. To take a drink of alcohol?
7. To not tell your parents what you are doing?
8. To drive a car on your own before age 16?
9. To fight kids who call you names?
10. To have friends your parents do not approve of?
11. To smoke?
12. To take something from people who would not miss it?
13. To experiment with drugs?
14. To steal under certain circumstances?
15. To get into fist fights with your friends?
16. To tell a little lie?
17. To rebel against your parents?
18. To use your fists to resolve a conflict?
These items measure willingness to engage in problem behavior.
This tool touches on the following keywords:
  • Problem Behavior
This instrument can be found on pages 120-121 of Measuring Violence-Related Attitudes‚ Behaviors‚ and Influences Among Youths: A Compendium of Assessment Tools‚ available online at:
Male students initially in grades 1‚ 4 and 7 in 1987 or 1988‚ and followed into adulthood.
Pencil and paper self-report. Point values for most of the items in this scale are assigned as follows: Yes = 1; No = 0. A maximum score of 18 indicates greater willingness to engage in problem behavior.

Loeber R‚ Farrington DP‚ Stouthamer-Loeber M‚Van Kammen WB. Antisocial behavior and mental health problems: explanatory factors in childhood and adolescence. Mahwah‚ NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates‚ 1998..