Psychological Adjustment Scale

1. I feel I am able to do my schoolwork as well as most other international students.
2. I feel I am able to do my schoolwork as well as most other American students.
3. I take a positive attitude toward myself after I came to the U.S.
4. Overall‚ I am satisfied with myself and my life after I came to the U.S.
5. I feel upset often since I came to the U.S.
6. I feel more discouraged about my future than I used to be since I came to the U.S.
7. I often feel like I am a failure since I came to the U.S.
8. I am not as confident as I used to be since I came to the U.S.
9. I cry more than I used to since I came to the U.S.
10. I don’t consider myself as worthwhile and useful as I used to since I came to the U.S.
11. I can’t concentrate as well as usual since I came to the U.S.
12. I often can’t sleep well after I came to the U.S.
13. I am more irritable than usual.
14. Sometimes I feel I am treated differently in an uncomfortable way because I am a foreign student.
15. I feel homesick quite often.
16. I miss the people and country of my origin.
17. I feel uncomfortable to adjust myself to American cultural environment.
18. I often feel lonely and isolated since I came to the U.S.
19. I do not have a sense of belonging here.
20. I feel more anxious than I used to since I came to the U.S.
 
 
Internal reliability ranging from .84 to .91 (Ward & Kennedy‚ 1999)
 
 
1= Strongly disagree; 2 = Disagree; 3 = Neutral; 4 = Agree; 5 = Strongly agree
Negatively worded items were coded reversely
 

Ward‚ C.‚ & Kennedy‚ A. (1994). Acculturation strategies‚ psychological adjustment‚ and sociocultural competence during cross-cultural transitions. International Journal of Intercultural Relations‚ 18‚ 329-343.

Ward‚ C.‚ & Kennedy‚ A. (1999). The measurement of sociocultural adaptation. International Journal of Intercultural Relations‚ 18‚ 329-343.

Wang‚ C.-C. & Mallinckrodt‚ B. (2006). Acculturation‚ attachment‚ and psychological adjustment of Chinese/Taiwanese international students. Journal of Counseling Psychology‚ 53‚ 422-433.

Wang‚ Wei-hsuan. (2009). Chinese international students’ cross-cultural adjustment in the U.S.: the roles of acculturation strategies‚ self-construals‚ perceived cultural distance‚ and English self-confidence. University of Texas at Austin. PhD Dissertation.