Perceived Stress Scale PSS

1.    In the last month‚ how often have you been upset because of something that happened unexpectedly?
2.    In the last month‚ how often have you felt that you were unable to control the important things in your life?
3.    In the last month‚ how often have you felt nervous and “stressed“?
4.    In the last month‚ how often have you felt confident about your ability to handle your personal problems?
5.    In the last month‚ how often have you felt that things were going your way?
6.    In the last month‚ how often have you found that you could not cope with all the things that you had to do?
7.    In the last month‚ how often have you been able to control irritations in your life?
8.    In the last month‚ how often have you felt that you were on top of things?
9.    In the last month‚ how often have you been angered because of things that were outside of your control?
10.In the last month‚ how often have you felt difficulties were piling up so high that you could not overcome them?
 
0=never; 1=almost never; 2=sometimes; 3=fairly often; 4=very often
 
This instrument can be found on page 114 of “Differences in Perceived Stress‚ Affect‚ Anxiety‚ and Coping Ability Among College Students in Physical Education Courses”. Available online at: http://drum.lib.umd.edu/bitstream/1903/6811/1/umi-umd-4299.pdf
 

Cohen‚ S.‚ Kamarck‚ T.‚ Mermelstein‚ R. (1983). A global measure of perceived stress. Journal of Health and Social Behavior‚ 24(4)‚ 385-396.

Cohen‚ S.‚ Kessler‚ R.‚ & Gordon‚ L. (1995). Measuring Stress. Oxford: Oxford University Press‚ Inc.

Cole‚ S. R. (1999). Assessment of Differential Item Functioning in the Perceived Stress Scale-10. Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health‚ 53‚ 319-320.

Levine‚ Rachel Permuth.2007. Differences in Perceived Stress‚ Affect‚ Anxiety‚ and Coping Ability Among College Students in Physical Education Courses. University of Maryland‚ College Park. PhD Dissertation.