1. Most of the time I feel happy.
2. Life seems to be one long and difficult struggle.
3. I fear the idea that there is no return from death.
4. I fear death because all my mental and spiritual activity will stop.
5. Even though things may be tough at times I think it’s worth living.
6. I feel that close people make me feel good.
7. I fear death because my identity will disappear.
8. I know people who have died and I believe I will meet them when I die.
9. I don’t ask for help even when things are very tough for me.
10.Thinking about death gives me the shivers.
11.I am afraid of death because my body will rot.
12.I fear death because it means that I will not be able to experience and think anymore.
13.I can see myself as being very successful in the future.
14.I feel that I am not important to my family.
15.Sometimes I feel that my family will be better off without me.
16.Sometimes I feel that my problems can’t be solved.
17.Death can change things for the better.
18.I like to do many things.
19.Death is actually eternal life.
20.The thought that one day I will die frightens me.
21.I don’t like to spend time with my family.
22.Many problems can be solved by death only.
23.I believe death can bring a great relief for suffering.
24.I fear death because all my plans will come to an end.
25.I am very hopeful.
26.In some situations it is better to die than to go on living.
27.Death can be a state of rest and calm.
28.I enjoy many things in life.
29.Death frightens me more than anything else.
30.No one really loves me.
Attraction to life‚ Repulsion by life‚ Attraction to death‚ and Repulsion by death
1 = Strongly disagree‚ 2 = Don’t agree‚ 3 = Sometimes agree‚ Sometimes disagree‚ 4= Agree‚ 5= Strongly Agree
Attraction to life (1‚ 5‚ 6‚ 13‚ 18‚ 25‚ and 28)‚ Repulsion by life (2‚ 9‚ 14‚ 15‚ 16‚ 21‚ and 30)‚ Attraction to death (8‚ 17‚ 18‚ 22‚ 23‚ 26‚ and 27)‚ and Repulsion by death (3‚ 4‚ 7‚ 10‚ 11‚ 12‚ 20‚ 24‚ and 29)
This instrument can be found at:
Fischer‚ Joel.‚ Corcoran‚ Kevin J. (2007). Measures for Clinical Practice and research: A sourcebook. (4th ed.). NY. Oxford University Pr. Vol. 1‚ Page (s): 563-565.
Orbach‚ I.‚ Milstein‚ I.‚ Har-Even‚ D.‚ Apter‚ A.‚ Tiano‚ S.‚ & Elizur‚ A. (1991). A Multi-Attitude Suicide Tendency Scale for adolescents. Psychological Assessment: A Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology‚ 3(3)‚ 398-404.
Osman‚ A.‚ Barrios‚ F.X.‚ Grittmann‚ L. R.‚ Osman‚ J. R. (1993). The Multi-Attitude Suicide Tendency Scale: psychometric characteristics in an American sample. Journal of Clinical Psychol‚ 49(5):701-708.
Hagstrom‚ Anne H.‚ Gutierrez‚ Peter M. (1998). Confirmatory Factor Analysis of the Multi-Attitude Suicide Tendency Scale. Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment‚ 20(2)‚ 173–186.
Orbach‚ I.‚ Milstein‚ I.‚ Har-Even‚ D.‚ Apter‚ A.‚ Tiano‚ S.‚ & Elizur‚ A. (1991). A Multi-Attitude Suicide Tendency Scale. In Fischer‚ Joel.‚ Corcoran‚ Kevin J. (2007). Measures for Clinical Practice and research: A sourcebook. (4th ed.). NY. Oxford University Pr. Vol. 1‚ Page (s): 563-565.