Individual Protective Factors Index

Control—Individual Protective Factors Index
Positive Outlook—Individual Protective Factors Index
Self-Concept—Individual Protective Factors Index
Presence of Caring—Individual Protective Factors Index
Family Bonding—Individual Protective Factors Index
 
Students in grades 7-11.
 
Control—Individual Protective Factors Index
 
Self-Efficacy
1. Other people decide what happens to me.
2. It is important to think before you act.
3. If I study hard‚ I will get better grades.
4. When I try to be nice‚ people notice.
5. If you work hard‚ you will get what you want.
6. To make a good decision‚ it is important to think.
7. I am responsible for what happens to me.
Self-Control
8. Sometimes you have to physically fight to get what you want.
9. I get mad easy.
10. I do whatever I feel like doing.
11. When I am mad‚ I yell at people.
12. Sometimes I break things on purpose.
13. If I feel like it‚ I hit people.
 
This assessment measures sense of control and has two subscales: self-efficacy and self-control. Students are asked to indicate how closely several statements match their feelings. A“YES!” is checked if the statement is very true for them; “yes” if it is somewhat true; “no” if it is somewhat false; and “NO!” if it is very false.
 
This instrument can be found on pages 132-133 of Measuring Violence-Related Attitudes‚ Behaviors‚ and Influences Among Youths: A Compendium of Assessment Tools‚ available online at: http://www.cdc.gov/violenceprevention/pdf/YV_Compendium.pdf
 
Items 1‚ 8‚ 9‚ 10‚ 11‚ 12 and 13 are scored as follows:
  • YES! = 1
  • yes = 2
  • no = 3
  • NO! = 4
All other items are reverse coded. To score the scale‚ point values for all 13 items are added. Blank items are excluded‚ with the scale score adjusted for the number of items completed when two or few items are blank. The maximum obtainable score of 52 indicates a high sense of self-control. A minimum score of 13 indicates a relatively low sense of control..
Positive Outlook—Individual Protective Factors Index
Phillips & Springer‚ 1992
 
1. I will probably die before I am thirty.
2. I think I will have a nice family when I get older.
3. I am afraid my life will be unhappy.
4. Bad things happen to people like me.
5. I think I can have a nice house when I grow up.
6. I will probably never have enough money.
 
These items measure one’s outlook for the future. Students are asked to indicate how closely several statements match their feelings.
 
This instrument can be found on page 108 of Measuring Violence-Related Attitudes‚ Behaviors‚ and Influences Among Youths: A Compendium of Assessment Tools‚ available online at: http://www.cdc.gov/violenceprevention/pdf/YV_Compendium.pdf
 
Items 1‚ 3‚ 4 and 6 are scored as follows:
YES! = 1
yes = 2
no = 3
NO! = 4
Items 2 and 5 are reverse coded. To score‚ point values for all six items are added. Blank items are excluded‚ with the score adjusted for the number of items completed when two or few items are blank. Themaximum obtainable score of 24 indicates a high positive outlook. A minimum score of 6 indicates arelatively negative outlook.
 
Self-Concept—Individual Protective Factors Index
 
Self-Concept
1. I like the way I act.
2. People usually like me.
3. I can be trusted.
4. My life is all mixed up.
5. I can do most things I try.
6. I like the way I look.
Self-Confidence
7. I will always have friends.
8. I get along well with other people.
9. I like being around people.
10. It is hard for me to make friends.
11. My friends respect me.
12. I often feel lonely.
 
These items measure an individual’s sense of self-concept and self-confidence. Students are asked to indicate how closely several statements match their feelings.
 
This instrument can be found on page 149 of Measuring Violence-Related Attitudes‚ Behaviors‚ and Influences Among Youths: A Compendium of Assessment Tools‚ available online at: http://www.cdc.gov/violenceprevention/pdf/YV_Compendium.pdf
 
Items 1‚ 2‚ 3‚ 5‚ 6‚ 7‚ 8‚ 9 and 11 are scored as follows:
YES! = 4
yes = 3
no = 2
NO! = 1
All other items are reverse coded. To score‚ point values for all 12 items are added. Blank items are excluded‚ with the score adjusted for the number of items completed when two or fewer items are blank. The maximum obtainable score of 48 indicates a strong self-concept. A minimum score of 12 indicates a weak self-concept. outlook.
 
Presence of Caring—Individual Protective Factors Index
1. There are people I can depend on to help me if I really need it.
2. There is not an adult I can turn to for guidance in times of stress.
3. If something went wrong‚ no one would come to my assistance.
4. There is an adult I could talk to about important decisions in my life.
5. There is a trustworthy adult I could turn to for advice if I were ha‎ving problems.
6. There is no one I can depend on for help if I really need it.
7. There is no adult I can feel comfortable talking about my problems with.
8. There are people I can count on in an emergency.
9. There is a special person in my life who cares about my feelings.
 
This instrument measures the degree to which young people feel there is a caring adult in their lives. This is an excellent instrument for programs focused on simple developmental mentoring and youth support.
 
This instrument can be found on page 151 of Measuring Violence-Related Attitudes‚ Behaviors‚ and Influences Among Youths: A Compendium of Assessment Tools‚ available online at: http://www.cdc.gov/violenceprevention/pdf/YV_Compendium.pdf
 
Items 1‚ 4‚ 5‚ 8 and 9 are scored as follows:
YES! = 4
yes = 3
no = 2
NO! = 1
All other items are reverse coded. To score‚ point values for all 9 items are added. Blank items are excluded‚ with the score adjusted for the number of items completed when two or few items are blank. The maximum obtainable score of 36 indicates a strong presence of caring. A minimum score of 9 indicates a weak presence.
 
Self-Control
1. Sometimes you have to physically fight to get what you want.
2. I get mad easily.
3. I do whatever I feel like doing.
4. When I am mad‚ I yell at people.
5. Sometimes I break things on purpose.
6. If I feel like it‚ I hit people.
Cooperation
1. I like to help around the house.
2. Being part of a team is fun.
3. Helping others makes me feel good.
4. I always like to do my part.
5. It is important to do your part in helping at home.
6. Helping others is very satisfying.
 
These items measure two conflict resolution skills: self-control and cooperation
 
This instrument can be found on pages 196-197 of Measuring Violence-Related Attitudes‚ Behaviors‚ and Influences Among Youths: A Compendium of Assessment Tools‚ available online at: http://www.cdc.gov/violenceprevention/pdf/YV_Compendium.pdf
 
The items listed under Self-Control are scored as follows:
YES! = 1
yes = 2
no = 3
NO! = 4
The Cooperation items are reverse coded. To score‚ point values for all 12 items are added. Blank items are excluded‚ with the score adjusted for the number of items completed when two or few items are blank.
The maximum obtainable score of 48 indicates a high level of conflict resolution skills. A minimum score of 12 indicates a low level.
 
Family Bonding—Individual Protective Factors Index
 
1. I can tell my parents the way I feel about things.
2. My family expects too much of me.
3. Sometimes I am ashamed of my parents.
4. My family has let me down.
5. I like to do things with my family.
6. I enjoy talking with my family.
 
These items measure family bonding and communication. Respondents are asked to indicate how strongly they feel each sentence is true for them.
 
This instrument can be found on page 299 of Measuring Violence-Related Attitudes‚ Behaviors‚ and Influences Among Youths: A Compendium of Assessment Tools‚ available online at: http://www.cdc.gov/violenceprevention/pdf/YV_Compendium.pdf
 
Items 1‚ 5 and 6 are scored as follows:
YES! = 4
yes = 3
no = 2
NO! = 1
All other items are reverse coded. Point values for all items are added. Blank items are excluded‚ with the scale score adjusted for the number of items completed when two or few items are blank. The maximum obtainable score of 24 indicates a strong family bond. A minimum score of 6 indicates a weak family bond..
 

Phillips J‚ Springer F. Extended National Youth Sports Program 1991-92 evaluation highlights‚ parttwo: Individual Protective Factors Index (IPFI) andrisk assessment study. Report prepared for theNational Collegiate Athletic Association.Sacramento‚ CA: EMT Associates‚ 1992.(Unpublished)

Phillips J‚ and Springer‚ F. (1992). Extended National Youth Sports Program 1991-92 evaluation highlights‚ part two: Individual Protective Factors Index (IPFI) and risk assessment study. Report prepared for the National Collegiate Athletic Association. Sacramento‚ CA: EMT Associates Research‚ 7(2)‚ 156-176.