Fighting To and From School—NYC Youth Violence Survey

1. During the past 12 months‚ while going to or from school‚ how many times were you in a physical fight?
a. 0 times
b. 1 time
c. 2 or 3 times
d. 4 or 5 times
e. 6 or 7 times
f. 8 or 9 times
g. 10 or 11 times
h. 12 or more times
2. Where did most of the fights occur?
a. I did not fight going to or from school during the past 12 months
b. Housing project
c. Subway
d. Playground
e. Street
f. Other
3. Who did you fight with most often?
a. I did not fight going to or from school during the past 12 months
b. A stranger
c. A friend or someone I know
d. A boyfriend‚ girlfriend‚ or date
e. A group of youths (gang or posse members)
f. Other
4. During the past 12 months‚ while going to or from school‚ how many times were you in a physical fight in which you were injured and had to be treated by a doctor or nurse?
a. 0 times
b. 1 time
c. 2 or 3 times
d. 4 or 5 times
e. 6 or 7 times
f. 8 or 9 times
g. 10 or 11 times
h. 12 or more times)
 
These items measure frequency of physical fighting while going to and from school..
 
·         Violence and Bullying
·         Delinquency and Antisocial Behavior
 
This instrument can be found on pages 175-176 of Measuring Violence-Related Attitudes‚ Behaviors‚ and Influences Among Youths: A Compendium of Assessment Tools‚ available online at:http://www.cdc.gov/violenceprevention/pdf/YV_Compendium.pdf .
 
National population sample of students in grades 9-12.
 
Individual items can be scored by assigning point values to correspond to response categories. For items with a range‚ a midpoint value can also be assigned. Incidence rates for items 1 and 4‚ and standard errors forthese estimates are calculated as follows:
Incidence Rate = Σ(i=1 to n) PiCi
Standard Error = √(ΣCi^2(Var(Pi))
P = the proportion of subjects
i = (1‚2‚3….n) levels of the variable of interest
C = frequency of behavior
Incidence Rate = the proportion of subjects with the behavior of interest (Pi) multiplied by the frequency of that behavior (Ci)‚ or use a midpoint if there is a range.
Standard Error = the square root of the sum of the frequency of the behavior squared (Ci^2) multiplied by the variance of each proportion (Var(Pi)).
Example: Incidence Rate of Physical Fighting Among White Females
i = 1‚2‚3‚4‚5‚6‚7 (1 time‚ 2.5 times‚ 4.5 times‚ 6.5 times‚ 8.5 times‚ 10.5 times‚ 12+ times)
j = 1‚2‚3 (White‚ Black‚ Hispanic)
k = 1‚2 (Female‚ Male)
For white females (j=1‚k=1) the incidence rate can be designated as IRjk or IR11 and calculated as follows:
IR11 = Σ(i=1 to 7)Pi11Ci
 

Division of Adolescent and School Health (DASH)‚ Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion. New York City Youth Violence Survey. Atlanta‚ GA: Centers for Disease Control andPrevention‚ 1993.