Faculty Change Orientation Scale (FCOS)

1. In this school‚ 
faculty welcomes change.
2. Faculty in this school embraces new ideas.
3. In this school‚ 
the principal balks at new suggestions.
4. This community pushes for innovation.
5. In this school‚ 
6. In this school major change is resisted.
7. In this school‚ 
the principal is slow to change.
8. Teachers in this school readily accept changes to new rules and procedures.
9. In this school‚ the principal is committed to major change.
10. Faculty in this school rejects all but minimal changes.
11. In this school‚ the principal often resists changes suggested by parents.
12. The principal in this school embraces change initiatives.
13. The rhetoric of change in this school is strong‚ but actual change is negligible.
14. Faculty in this school would rather fight than switch.
15. In this school‚ the faculty relishes innovation.
16. In this school‚ 
suggestions by the PTA often produce change.
17. Faculty in this school is open to ideas of the
18. Most community members are happy with their schools.
19. In this school‚ 
the principal is committed to no change
Faculty openness to change (0.95) ‚ principal openness to change ( 0.87)‚ and Community press for change (0.87)
1= Strongly
Disagree‚ 2= Disagree‚ 3= Somewhat Disagree‚ 4= Somewhat Agree‚ 5= Agree‚ 6= Strongly
Faculty openness to change‚ Items 1‚ 2‚ 5‚ 6*‚ 8‚ 10*‚ 13*‚ 14*‚ 15
Principal openness to change‚ items 3*‚ 7*‚ 9‚ 11*‚ 12‚ 19*
Community press for change‚ items 4‚ 16‚ 17‚ 18*
* Reverse score items
This instrument can be found at: http://www.waynekhoy.com/pdfs/change_scale.pdf   

Kearney‚ S.‚ & Smith P. A. (2008). A theoretical and empirical analysis of change orientations in schools. In Wayne K. Hoy & Michael DiPaola (eds.). Studies in School Improvement.. Greenwich‚ CN: Information Age.